A counter-example to a conjecture of Friedland
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In 1982, S. Friedland proved that a bounded linear operator A on a Hilbert space is normal if and only if (αI + A + A*)2 ≧ AA* − A*A ≧ −(αI + A + A*)2 for all real α. And he conjectured the inequality (αI + A + A*)2 ≧ AA* − A*A for all real α will imply that A*A − AA* ≧ 0, i.e., A is hyponormal. But his conjecture is incorrect. In this note I’ll give a counter-example for his conjecture.
KeywordsHilbert Space Linear Operator Normal Operator Group Theory Orthonormal Basis
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