Plant Molecular Biology Reporter

, Volume 23, Issue 1, pp 39–51 | Cite as

Evaluation of genetic diversity and germ plasm identification of 44 species, clones, and cultivars from 5 sections of the genusPopulus based on amplified fragment length polymorphism analysis

  • Chun Jiang Zhou
  • Hong Zhu Song
  • Jin Hua Li
  • Jian Wei Sun
  • Min De Jin
  • Qi Wen Zhang
  • Bin Wang
Genetic Resources


The genusPopulus L. (Salicaceae) can be divided into 5 sections with distribution throughout the world. Accurate identification ofPopulus clones and species is essential for effective selection, breeding, and management of genetic resources. In this study, amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) analysis, which was reported as a reliable technique with high efficiency in detecting polymorphism, was used to conduct analyses of genetic diversity and variety identification of 44 species, clones, and cultivars ofPopulus that represent a wide range of breeding and commercially available germplasms. Cluster analysis of the 44 samples was carried out, and a dendrogram of genetic relatedness was developed on the basis of the AFLP data. DNA fingerprints of the 44 samples were developed from 12 selected bands amplified with 2 primer combinations (M-CAG/E-TA and M-CAG/E-TC). Each sample has its unique fingerprint pattern and can be distinguished from the others. Furthermore, 1 specific AFLP band of the cultivarPopulus canadensis cl. Guariento coming from fragments amplified by primer combination M-CTC/E-AG was successfully converted into a sequence-characterized amplified region (SCAR) marker. The results indicate that AFLP analysis should be considered as the preferred technique for the study of polymorphism inPopulus. This research is the first report concerning the use of AFLP analysis in genetic diversity and germplasm identification among all sections ofPopulus.

Key words

amplified fragment length polymorphism cluster analysis genetic diversity germplasm identification Populus sequence characterized amplified region 



amplified fragment length polymorphism


cetyltrimethylammonium bromide


ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid


marker-assisted selection


polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis


random-amplified polymorphic DNA


restriction fragment length polymorphism


sequence-characterized amplified region


simple sequence repeat


unweighted pair group method using arithmetic means


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Copyright information

© International Society for Plant Molecular Biology 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chun Jiang Zhou
    • 1
    • 2
  • Hong Zhu Song
    • 3
  • Jin Hua Li
    • 3
  • Jian Wei Sun
    • 1
  • Min De Jin
    • 1
  • Qi Wen Zhang
    • 3
  • Bin Wang
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Plant Genomics, Institute of Genetics and Developmental BiologyChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  2. 2.Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina
  3. 3.Research Institute of ForestryChinese Academy of ForestryBeijingChina

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