Application of some bacterial varieties ofBacillus thuringiensis and its bioproduct Delfin onSynanthedon myopaeformis Borkh. (Lep. Aegeriidae) in apple orchards
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Field experiments were conducted using the biological agentBacillus thuringiensis to control the clearwing moth,Synanthedon myopaeformis (Lep. Aegeriidae) in apple orchards at Alexandria governorate during 1995, 1996 and 1997. Three bacterial varieties ofB. thuringiensis showed significant influence on the reduction of borer infestation. Four applications with the sporic concentration 12×107 spores/ml of each ofB. th. var.kurstaki, B. th. var.alesti andB. th. var.thuringiensis induced 82.5, 51.1 and 42.1% reduction of infestation, respectively. Methods of application showed highly significant effect on infestation level. Sparying after scraping was the best method (80.0%, reduction) followed by painting after scraping (71.5%, reduction) then spraying alone (59.7%, reduction) or painting alone (43.0%, reduction). A control programme was carried out using three applications of the biomaterial, Delfin at the rate of 200 g/100 I.w. during mid-March, early June and mid-August resulted in 88.5–91.4% reduction of infestation.
KeywordsBacterial Variety Bacillus Thuringiensis Apple Tree Apple Orchard Infestation Level
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