Sex Roles

, Volume 36, Issue 1–2, pp 93–102 | Cite as

Women’s upward mobility in manufacturing organizations in Istanbul: A glass ceiling initiative?

  • Filiz Tabak


This study explores the differences in the distribution of females and males in non-management, management, and top management positions in Istanbul manufacturing organizations. Multiple industries were sampled. Data were collected by random sampling from 80 organizations. Results showed that the mean numbers of women were significantly lower than the mean numbers of men at each hierarchical level. There was a drop in the proportion of women as the level in the organizational hierarchy increased. Textile industry employed the largest number of women among the industries explored. Possible reasons for not having more women at top management positions are discussed.


Textile Industry Woman Manager Personnel Manager Upward Mobility Female Manager 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Filiz Tabak
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ManagementTowson State UniversityTowson

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