, Volume 27, Issue 1, pp 25–30 | Cite as

Effects of verbal shadowing on the recognition of visually presented verbal and nonverbal information

  • Gary W. Orwig


Are there distinct verbal and non-verbal processing systems in the mind? This study seems to support a dual-processing hypothesis. Although the first experiment determined that verbal interference (shadowing) was detrimental to the subjects’ memory of words and high-similarity pictures, the second, designed to minimize the possibility that students would sort through pictures (as they apparently had in the first experiment) indicated that verbal interference did not decrease memory of high-similarity pictures. Subjects were graduate students and faculty members.


Recognition Memory Verbal Material Stimulus Item Verbal Interference Nonverbal Information 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Association for Educational Communications and Technology 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gary W. Orwig
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Education Learning Resources CenterUniversity of Central Florida (formerly Florida Technological University)Orlando

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