Effects of verbal shadowing on the recognition of visually presented verbal and nonverbal information
Are there distinct verbal and non-verbal processing systems in the mind? This study seems to support a dual-processing hypothesis. Although the first experiment determined that verbal interference (shadowing) was detrimental to the subjects’ memory of words and high-similarity pictures, the second, designed to minimize the possibility that students would sort through pictures (as they apparently had in the first experiment) indicated that verbal interference did not decrease memory of high-similarity pictures. Subjects were graduate students and faculty members.
KeywordsRecognition Memory Verbal Material Stimulus Item Verbal Interference Nonverbal Information
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Levie, W. H., & Levie, D. Pictorial memory processes.AV Communication Review, 1975,23, 81–97.Google Scholar
- Paivio, A.Imagery and verbal processes. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1971.Google Scholar
- Paivio, A. Language and knowledge of the world.Education Research, 1974, 5–12.Google Scholar
- Paivio, A., Yuille, J. C., & Madigan, S. A. Concreteness, imagery, and meaningfulness values for 929 nouns.Journal of Experimental Psychology Monograph, 1968,76 (1, Pt. 2).Google Scholar
- Tosco, U.The world of mushrooms. New York: Bounty Books, 1973.Google Scholar
- Wicker, F. W. Our picture of mental imagery: Prospects for research and development.Educational Communication & Technology, 1978,26, 15–24.Google Scholar