Researches on Population Ecology

, Volume 39, Issue 2, pp 181–189 | Cite as

Effects of spatio-temporal intervals between newly-hatched larvae on larval survival and development inMonochamus alternatus (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae)

Original Paper


The effects of distance between hatching larvae on survival and development were investigated inMonochamus alternatus. Two newly-hatched larvae were inoculated intoPinus densiflora bolts at a distance of 2.5 cm or 10 cm, simultaneously or at an interval of 2 weeks. Some larvae were inoculated singly as a control. When larvae were inoculated simultaneously, mortality of the closely-inoculated larvae was significantly higher than that of distantly-inoculated larvae. Such high mortality was identified as due to conspecific bites. When the two larvae were inoculated asynchronously, the first-inoculated larvae killed some second-inoculated larvae but were never killed by them. Consequently, mortality was higher in second-inoculated larvae than in first-inoculated larvae. In particular, there was a significant difference in mortality between them when the larvae had been inoculated closely. The mortality of second-inoculated larvae was higher in the closely-inoculated group than in the distantly-inoculated group although there was no significant difference between them. In the case of two simultaneously-inoculated larvae, the initial distance between them had no significant effect on the development and growth in the early larval stage. When the larvae were inoculated asynchronously, the first-inoculated larvae grew more quickly than singly-inoculated control larvae.

Key words

conspecific bites intraspecific competition larval mortality Monochamus alternatus oviposition scar 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Anbutsu, H. and K. Togashi (1996) Deterred oviposition ofMonochamus alternatus (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) onPinus densiflora bolts from oviposition scars containing eggs or larvae.Applied Entomology and Zoology 31: 481–488.Google Scholar
  2. Enda, N. (1976) Life history ofMonochamus alternatus Hope (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae).Shinrin Boeki (Forest Pests) 25: 182–185. (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  3. Imai, T., H. Kodama, T. Chuman and M. Kohno (1990) Female-produced oviposition deterrents of the cigarette beetle,Lasioderma serricorne (F.) (Coleoptera: Anobiidae).Journal of Chemical Ecology 16: 1237–1247.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Katsoyannos, B. I. (1975) Oviposition-deterring, male-arresting, fruit-marking pheromone inRhagoletis cerasi.Environmental Entomology 4: 801–807.Google Scholar
  5. Kiyohara, T. and Y. Tokushige (1971) Inoculation experiments of a nematode,Bursaphelenchus sp., onto pine trees.Journal of the Japanese Forestry Society 53: 210–218. (in Japanese with English summary)Google Scholar
  6. Kobayashi, F. (1975) Studies on the methods for estimating density and distribution of forest insect populations (I). Distribution of coleopterous borers in pine.Bulletin of the Government Forest Experiment Station 274: 85–124. (in Japanese with English summary)Google Scholar
  7. Kohno, M., K. Mochizuki, T. Chuman and A. Ohnishi (1986) Pheromone-like substances affecting the oviposition behavior of the female cigarette beetle,Lasioderma serricorne (F.) (Coleoptera: Anobiidae).Applied Entomology and Zoology 21:15–20.Google Scholar
  8. Kozima, K. and K. Katagiri (1964) On the larval instar and changes of its composition ofMonochamus alternatus Hope.Journal of the Japanese Forestry Society 46: 307–310. (in Japanese with English summary)Google Scholar
  9. Mamiya, Y. and N. Enda (1972) Transmission ofBursaphelenchus lignicolus (Nematoda: Aphelenchoididae) byMonochamus alternatus (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae).Namatologica 18: 159–162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Mitchell, R. (1975) The evolution of oviposition tactics in the bean weevil,Callosobruchus maculatus (F.).Ecology 56: 696–702.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Morimoto, K. and A. Iwasaki (1972) Role ofMonochamus alternatus (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) as a vector ofBursaphelenchus lignicolus (Nematoda: Aphelenchoididae).Journal of the Japanese Forestry Society 54: 177–183. (in Japanese with English summary)Google Scholar
  12. Ochi, K. and K. Katagiri (1979) Mortality factors in survival curves ofMonochamus alternatus Hope (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) population on the pine dead trees.Bulletin of the Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute 303: 125–152. (in Japanese with English summary)Google Scholar
  13. Polis, G. A. (1981) The evolution and dynamics of intraspecinc predation.Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 12: 225–251.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Prokopy, R. J. (1972) Evidence for a marking pheromone deterring repeated oviposition in apple maggot flies.Environmental Entomology 1: 326–332.Google Scholar
  15. Prokopy, R. J. (1975) Oviposition-deterring fruit marking pheromone inRhagoletis fausta.Environmental Entomology 4: 298–300.Google Scholar
  16. Prokopy, R. J., W. H. Reissig and V. Moericke (1976) Marking pheromones deterring repeated oviposition inRhagoletis flies.Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 20: 170–178.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Prokopy, R. J., P. D. Greany and D. L. Chambers (1977) Oviposition deterring pheromone inAnastrepha suspensa.Environmental Entomology 6: 463–465.Google Scholar
  18. Prokopy, R. J., J. R. Ziegler and T. T. Y. Wong (1978) Deterrence of repeated oviposition by fruit-marking pheromone inCeratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae).Journal of Chemical Ecology 4: 55–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Rothschild, M. and L. M. Schoonhoven (1977) Assessment of egg load byPieris brassicae (Lepidoptera: Pieridae).Nature 266: 352–355.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Schoonhoven, L. M. (1990) Host-marking pheromones in Lepidoptera, with special reference to twoPieris spp.Journal of Chemical Ecology 16: 3043–3052.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Shibata, E. (1984) Spatial distribution pattern of the Japanese pine sawyer,Monochamus alternatus Hope (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae), on dead pine trees.Applied Entomology and Zoology 19: 361–366.Google Scholar
  22. Togashi, K. (1988) Population density ofMonochamus alternatus adults (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) and incidence of pine wilt disease caused byBursaphelenchus xylophilus (Nematoda: Aphelenchoididae).Researches on Population Ecology 30: 177–192.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Togashi, K. (1989) Studies on population dynamics ofMonochamus alternatus Hope (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) and spread of pine wilt disease caused byBursaphelenchus xylophilus (Nematoda: Aphelenchoididae).Bulletin of Ishikawa Forest Experiment Station 20: 1–142. (in Japanese with English summary)Google Scholar
  24. Togashi, K. (1990) Life table forMonochamus alternatus (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) within dead trees ofPinus thunbergii.Japanese Journal of Entomology 58: 217–230.Google Scholar
  25. Togashi, K. (1991) Different developments of overwintered larvae ofMonochamus alternatus (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae) under a constant temperature.Japanese Journal of Entomology 59: 149–154.Google Scholar
  26. Utida, S. (1943) Studies on experimental population of the Azuki bean weevil,Callosobruchus chinensis (L.). VIII. Statistical analysis of the frequency distribution of the emerging weevils on beans.Memoirs of the College of Agriculture, Kyoto Imperial University 54: 1–22.Google Scholar
  27. Victorsson, J. and L.-O. Wikars (1996) Sound production and cannibalism in larvae of the pine-sawyer beetleMonochamus sutor L. (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae).Entomologisk Tidskrift 117: 29–33.Google Scholar
  28. Yamamura, K. (1993) On the choice of multiple comparison procedures (III).Shokubutsu Boeki (Plant Protection) 47:463–467. (in Japanese)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Society of Population Ecology 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Environmental Studies, Faculty of Integrated Arts and SciencesHiroshima UniversityHiroshimaJapan

Personalised recommendations