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The Indian Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 72, Issue 2, pp 105–108 | Cite as

Status epilepticus in Indian children in a tertiary care center

  • Sheffali Gulati
  • Veena Kalra
  • M. R. Sridhar
Original Article

Abstract

Objective: To study the clinical profile, immediate outcome and possible risk factors of SE in pediatric age group admitted to pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) in a tertiary care center.Methods: A retrospective study of case records of 451 neuroemergency patients admitted in PICU in a tertiary care center between January 1993 to April 2000, out of which 30 patients had status epilepticus. They were evaluated for their clinical presentation, laboratory parameters, treatment profile and immediate outcome.Results: The age group varied from 1 to 120 months with mean of 56.6±46.5 months. Seventeen patients were less than 60 months. Sixteen patients (53.3%) presented with SE as first presentation without prior history of seizure activity. Nine patients died (30%) during hospital course. Seizure duration >45 minutes (p-0.001) and presence of septic shock (p-0.001) were associated with significantly more mortality.Conclusion: There is a need to abort seizure activity at the earliest and this improves immediate outcome.

Key words

Status epilepticus Clinical profile Immediate outcome Risk factors 

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Copyright information

© Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sheffali Gulati
    • 1
  • Veena Kalra
    • 1
  • M. R. Sridhar
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PediatricsAll India Institute of Medical SciencesNew DelhiIndia

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