Journal of Forest Research

, Volume 3, Issue 2, pp 111–117 | Cite as

The forest vegetation and its differentiation under disturbance in a temperate mountain, China

  • Qi-Jing Liu
  • Akihiko Kondoh
  • Nobuo Takeuchi
Original Articles


Composition and structure of the main forest types, as well as the species changes under disturbance, were described as the representation of the forest vegetation in the north slope of Changbai mountain, northeast China. There were 3 forest zones from 600 m to 2,000 m asl, (1) broad-leaved-conifer mixed forest zone, 600–1,100 m asl, dominated byPinus koraiensis, Tilia amurensis, Acer mono, Ulmus japonica, (2) coniferous forest zone, 1,100–1,700 m asl, dominated byPicea jezoensis var.komarovii, P. koraiensis, Abies nephrolepis, and (3)Betula ermanii forest zone, 1,700–2,000 m asl, dominated byBetula ermanii, except for the east slope which was occupied byLarix olgensis. The evergreen component increased with elevation up to the upper limit of the coniferous forest zone (1,700 m), but disappeared in theB. ermanii zone. Species richness was significantly related to elevation. Towards higher elevation, the lapse rate of species-number was 1.6 species per 100 m, and it was only one species near the timberline. Species richness was reduced sharply under intensive disturbance, such as clear cutting, windfalletc. The species diversity was very low in the early stage of succession, and high in the later.

Key words

Changbai mountain disturbance forest type species composition vertical distribution 


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Copyright information

© The Japanese Forest Society and Springer 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Qi-Jing Liu
    • 1
  • Akihiko Kondoh
    • 1
  • Nobuo Takeuchi
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Environmental Remote Sensing ResearchChiba UniversityChibaJapan

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