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Journal of Analytical Chemistry

, Volume 55, Issue 8, pp 715–718 | Cite as

Protonation and second step of oxidation of variamine blue: Quantum-chemical treatment

  • A. N. Pankratov
  • S. P. Mushtakova
Article
  • 45 Downloads

Abstract

It has been shown by MNDO, AM 1, and PM3 calculations that, of the two possible conjugated acids of 4-amino-4′-methoxydiphenylamine (Varianime Blue), the form protonated via the primary amino group is oxidized first. The cation protonated via the primary amino group is more favorable energetically if hydration is taken into account. The detailed mechanism of the second step of oxidation of Variamine Blue was estimated based on the results of INDO, MNDO, AMI, and PM3 calculations (UHF formalism) of the charge distribution and spin density in the Variamine Blue radical cation.

Keywords

Radical Cation Ionization Potential Spin Density Mulliken Population Analysis Protonated Nitrogen Atom 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica” 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. N. Pankratov
    • 1
  • S. P. Mushtakova
    • 1
  1. 1.Chernyshevskii State UniversitySaratovRussia

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