Advertisement

Russian Journal of Electrochemistry

, Volume 36, Issue 4, pp 397–402 | Cite as

Effect of the carbon material nature on cathodic intercalation of lithium

  • T. V. Pominova
  • L. N. Ol’shanskaya
  • S. S. Popova
Article
  • 23 Downloads

Abstract

Kinetics of the formation of a LixC6 anode are studied. The anode is formed by a cathodically intercalating lithium into such carbon materials as spectral graphite, carbonized fiber, and carbonized cloth of the Elur brand, in LiClO4 solutions in a mixture of propylene carbonate and dimethoxyethane. Stable phases of LixC6 form at potentials of-3.05 to -3.25 V relative to a non-aqueous Ag/AgCl electrode. A prolonged cathodic polarization makes lithium diffuse deeper into the electrode, the process being accompanied by a deeper lithiation of carbon materials. In the case of spectral graphite, compounds CxLiClO4 and CxClO4 form alongside LixC6.

Keywords

Lithium Carbonize Fiber Carbon Material Cathodic Polarization Propylene Carbonate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Takada, Y., Fuji, R., and Matsuo, H.,Tanco Tanso, 1983, no. 114, p. 120.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Takasu, Y., Shiinoki, M., and Matsuda, J.,J. Electrochem. Soc., 1984, vol. 131, p. 959.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Mc Kal, E., Billard, D., and Harold, A.,Carbon, 1980, no. 51, p. 81.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Yu, M.-S., Moon, S.-L., Don, C.-H., and Lee, K.-H.,Synth. Metals, 1995, vol. 71, p. 1761.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kedrinskii, I.A., Timofeeva, N.V., and Chudinov, E.A., Abstracts of Papers,1ya konf. mezhdunar. assotsiatsii “Interbat” po litievym akkumulyatoram (1st Conf. of Int. Assoc. Interbat on Lithium Batteries), Kiev, 1997, p. 9.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Konoplyantseva, N.A., Nimon, E.S., and L’vov, A.L., Abstracts of Papers,III Soveshch. stran SNG po litievym istochnikam toka (III CIS Meet. on Lithium Batteries), Ekaterinburg, 1994, p. 40.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Egorkina, O.Yu. and Skundin, A.M.,Elektrokhimiya, 1997, vol. 33, p. 464.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Skundin, A.M. and Egorkina, O.Yu.,Elektrokhimiya, 1995, vol. 31, p. 373.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Popova, S.S., Lebedenko, E.A., Plugin, I.V.,et al., Elektrokhimiya, 1989, vol. 25, p. 387.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Guterman, V.E., Grigor’ev, V.P., Saenko, O.E.,et al., Elektrokhimiya, 1994, vol. 30, p. 663.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ohruku, T., Takehara, D., and Joshizawa, S.,Denki Kagaku, 1978, vol. 46, p. 438.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Spravochnik po kompozitnym materialam (Reference Book on Composite Materials), Lyubin, D., Ed., Moscow: Mashinostroenie, 1988, p. 252.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Fizicheskie metody analiza sledov elementov (Physical Assay of Element Traces), Alimarin, I.P., Ed., Moscow: Mir, 1967.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Popova, S.S., Kabanov, B.N., Alekseeva, L.A.,et al., Elektrokhimiya, 1985, vol. 21, p. 38.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Butler, J.N.,Elektrokhimiya metallov v nevodnykh rastvorakh (Metal Electrochemistry in Nonaqueous Solutions), Moscow: Mir, 1974, p. 221.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Fioshin, M.Ya. and Tarasevich, M.R.,Problemy elektrokataliza (Problems in Electrocatalysis), Moscow: Nauka, 1980, p. 161.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Skundin, A.M., Egorkina, O.Yu., Khiguchi, Sh., and Fudzhieda, T., Abstracts of Papers,Fundamental’nye problemy preobrazovaniya energii v litievykh elektrokhimicheskikh sistemakh (Fundamental Problems of Energy Conversion in the Electrochemical Lithium Systems), Chernogolovka, 1996, p. 97.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Kiseleva, I.G.,Elektrokhimiya, 1967, vol. 3, p. 275.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Kabanov, B.N., Chekavtsev, A.V., and Petukhova, P.I.,Elektrokhimiya, 1986, vol. 22, p. 415.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Guerard, D. and Herold, A.,Carbon, 1975, vol. 13, p. 337.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Rachinskii, F.Yu. and Rachinskaya, M.F.,Tekhnika laboratornykh rabot (Laboratory Techniques), Leningrad: Khimiya, 1982, pp. 110, 125.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Gordon, J.,The Organic Chemistry of Electrolyte Solutions, New York: Wiley, 1975.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Novoselov, N.P.,Protsessy sol’vatatsii i kompleksoobrazovaniya (The Solvation and Complexing Processes), Ivanovo, 1978, p. 67.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Mordkovich, V.Z.,Materialy konf. molodykh uchenykh khimicheskogo fakul’teta MGU (Proc. of the Young Scientists’ Conf., Moscow State Univ.), Moscow: VINITI, 1983, vol. 3, p. 363.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica” 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. V. Pominova
    • 1
  • L. N. Ol’shanskaya
    • 1
  • S. S. Popova
    • 1
  1. 1.Technological InstituteSaratov State Technical UniversityEngel’sRussia

Personalised recommendations