Ponderal index as a predictor of neonatal morbidity in small for gestational age infants
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Seventy four consecutively born small for gestational age infants (birth weight<10th centile) were classified into two groups based on the nutritional status at birth as determined by the ponderal index (weight gm/length cm3×100). All the infants had a ponderal index below the 50th centile. The disproportionately grown infants (52·7%) (PI<3rd centile) were more frequently affected by birth asphyxia, polycythemia and hypothermia than their more proportionately grown (47·3%) (PI>10th centile) counterparts. Thus the identification of disproportionately grown small-for-gestational age infants, which constitute a high risk group among the small-for-gestational age infants, is important at birth.
Key wordsNeonate small for gestational age ponderal index
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