Ponderal index as a predictor of neonatal morbidity in small for gestational age infants
Seventy four consecutively born small for gestational age infants (birth weight<10th centile) were classified into two groups based on the nutritional status at birth as determined by the ponderal index (weight gm/length cm3×100). All the infants had a ponderal index below the 50th centile. The disproportionately grown infants (52·7%) (PI<3rd centile) were more frequently affected by birth asphyxia, polycythemia and hypothermia than their more proportionately grown (47·3%) (PI>10th centile) counterparts. Thus the identification of disproportionately grown small-for-gestational age infants, which constitute a high risk group among the small-for-gestational age infants, is important at birth.
Key wordsNeonate small for gestational age ponderal index
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 3.Gruenwald P:Pathology of the deprived fetus and its supply line. Size at birth, Elliot K and Knight J (eds); Ciba foundation symposium 27, Amsterdam, Elsevier, 1974 p 3Google Scholar
- 5.Walther FJ, Ramaekers LHJ: Neonatal morbidity of SGA infants in relation to their nutritional status at birth.Acta Pediatr Scand 71: 437, 1982Google Scholar
- 9.Compbell S: Physical methods of assessing size at birth.In Size at birth. Elliot KM and Knight J (eds); Ciba Foundation Symposium 27, Amsterdam, Elsevier, 1974 p 275Google Scholar
- 13.Oh W, Omori K, Emmanouilides GC, Dale L, Phelps DL: Placenta to lamb fetus transfusion in utero during acute hypoxia.Am J Obstet Gynecol 122: 316, 1975Google Scholar
- 14.Finne PH: Erythropoietin levels in cord blood as an indicator of intrauterine hypoxia.Acta Pediatr Scand 55: 478, 1966Google Scholar
- 15.User R: Clinical and therapeutic aspects of fetal malnutrition.Pediatr Clin North Am 17: 169, 1970Google Scholar