The Indian Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 37, Issue 5, pp 185–191 | Cite as

Birth injuries

Incidence, etiology, diagnosis and management
  • D. K. Guha
  • A. Rashmi
  • M. Kochhar
Original Articles


12,000 newborn babies were studied in a two-year period, for various features of birth injuries. 82 infants, i.e. one in every 156 births was found to have one or more injuries. The total number of injuries in 82 infants was 117. The most common birth injuries were soft tissue lacerations followed by various nerve palsies and intracranial hemorrhage. The incidence, etiological factors, prognosis, diagnosis and management of various birth injuries are discussed in detail. It has been stressed that to prevent birth injuries a careful selection of patients and adequate obstetric care is necessary, specially in breech deliveries.


Brachial Plexus Breech Presentation Facial Paralysis Forceps Delivery Intracranial Injury 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Arora V.D. and Pathare, S.S. (1960). Birth Shock. Indian.J. Chld Hlth,9, 334.Google Scholar
  2. Benaron, H.B.W, Brown, M., Tucker, B.E., Wentz, V. and Yakorzynski, G.K. (1953). The remote effects of prolonged labour with forceps delivery, precipitate labour with spontaneous delivery and natural labour with spontaneous delivery of the child.Amer. J. Obst & Gynec. 66, 551.Google Scholar
  3. Craig, W.S. (1938). Intracranial hemorrhage in the new born: A study of diagnosis and differential diagnosis based upon pathological and clinical findings in 126 cases.Arch. Dis. Chldhd,13, 89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Craig, W.S. (1950). Intracranial irritation in newborn: Immediate and long term prognosis.Arch. Dis. Chldhd,25, 325.Google Scholar
  5. Craig, W.S. (1960). Convulsive movements oecurring in the first 10 days of life.Arch Dis. Chldhd,35, 336.Google Scholar
  6. Hepner, W.R., Jr. (1951). Some observations on facial paresis in the newborn infant. Etiology and incidence.Pediatrics,8, 494.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Kendall, N. and Woloshin, H. (1952). Cephalhematomas associated with fracture of the skull.J. Pediat. 41, 125.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Levin, H. and Bacci, O.J. (1955) Cephalhaematomas in the newborn.Pennsylvania Med. J. 58, 782.Google Scholar
  9. Nelson, W.E. (1964). Text Book of Pediatrics.W.B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia.Google Scholar
  10. Pachman, D.J. (1962). Massive hemorrhage into the scalp of the newborn infant: Hemmorrhagic caput succedaneum.Pediatrics,29, 907.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Paine, R.S. (1957). Facial paralysis in children. Review of the differential diagnosis and report of ten cases treated with cortisone.Pediatrics,19, 303.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Parmelee, A.H. (1931). Moulding due to intrauterine posture: Facial paralysis probably due to such moulding.Amer. J. Dis. Child. 42, 1155.Google Scholar
  13. Rubin, A. and Grimm, G. (1963). Result in breech presentation. 7 year's study.Amer J. Obst. & Gynec. 86, 1048.Google Scholar
  14. Rubin, A. (1963). Prevention of fetal injuries in breech presentation.Med. Times,91, 287.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Schaffer, A.J. (1966). Diseases of the Newborn.W.B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia.Google Scholar
  16. Tucker, B.E. and Benaron, H.B.W. (1953). The immediate effects of prolonged labour with forceps delivery, precipitate labour with spontaneous delivery and natural labour with spontaneous delivery upon the child.Amer. J. Obst. & Gynec,66, 540.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation 1970

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. K. Guha
    • 1
  • A. Rashmi
    • 1
  • M. Kochhar
    • 1
  1. 1.Delhi

Personalised recommendations