The Indian Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 22, Issue 5, pp 191–207 | Cite as

The problem of protein weaning foods in India

  • N. L. Sharma


A large volume of animal experimental work, as well as clinical trials of feeding infants on vegetable protein food supplements indicate that children could be reared successfully for long periods on foods containing no human or cow's milk.Block andAutret showed evidence which suggests that freedom from kwashiorkor, which is enjoyed by many largely vegetarian communities, may depend on nothing more profound than a suitable mixing of plant materials in the diet. If this is correct, it indicates a relatively easy method of finding suitable protein weaning foods for infants. The future of milk substitutes would seem to depend upon the use of cheap, locally available, easily grown plants, rich in protein content. At the present moment, the practical choice falls, at any rate in our country, on groundnut press-cake flour, Bengal gram and wheat.

It is obvious from the foregoing discussion that much thought has to be given to the selection, proper combination and processing of the new foods. It will be necessary to test their amino-acid make up; to find out by field experiments their acceptability, digestibility and finally efficacy both by means of animal experimentation and clinical trials on infants. When this stage is reached, steps have to be taken to preserve them for a certain length of time so that they may be available in the form of commercial products at reasonable prices within the reach of our people. The task is indeed stupendous, yet so vitally important, that it deserves foremost consideration by all concerned.


Animal Protein Vegetable Protein Kwashiorkor Protein Malnutrition Parasitic Infestation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Autret, M. andBehar, M.—FAO/WHO Nutritional studies No. 13 (1954).Google Scholar
  2. Bhaskaran, T. R.Alumni Assn. Bull. All-India Institute of Hygiene and Public Health,1: 63, 1954.Google Scholar
  3. Block, R. J. andMitchell, H. H.Nutr. Abstr. Rev.,16: 249, 1946–1947.Google Scholar
  4. Chaudhuri, K. C.Ind. Jour. Ped.,20: 30, 1953.Google Scholar
  5. Chandrasekhar, C.—Quoted by Sir John Russell, World Population and World Food Supplies, 1953.Google Scholar
  6. Dean, R. F. A.B.M.J., II 791–796, 1952.Google Scholar
  7. — andSchwartz, R.Brit. J. Nutr.,7: 131, 1953.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Dean, R. F. A.—Brit. Med. Res. Coun. Spec. Rep. Series, No. 279, 1953.Google Scholar
  9. De, S. S., Phillips, G. L. C., Venkatasubramanyan, T. A. andRajagoplana, R.Army Med. Corps Jour., India,8: 199–210, 1952.Google Scholar
  10. Elman, R.Proc. Soc. Expt. Biol.,40: 484, 1939.Google Scholar
  11. Geiger, E.J. Nutr.,36: 813, 1948.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Gomez, F., Ramos, R., Bienvenue, B. andCraviota, J.—Report of the 6th Interim Congress of Zurich—Summaries of communications, p. 26, 1950.Google Scholar
  13. Guzman, M. A. andScrimshaw, N. S.—Proceedings of the Scientific Session—8th annual meeting, Nutritional Symposium Series No. 7, 1953.Google Scholar
  14. Henry, K. M. andKon, S. K.J. Dairy Res.,16: 53, 1949.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Jelliffe, D. B.Trans. Roy. Soc. Trop. Med. and Hyg.,46: 13, 1952.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Jelliffe, D. B.— W.H.O. Monograph Series (in press), 1955.Google Scholar
  17. Lindan, O.—Second Inter-African (C.C.T.A.) Conference on Nutrition, No. 188, 1952.Google Scholar
  18. Lal, R. B. andSeal, S. C.—General Health Survey, Singur Health Centre, Government of India Press, Calcutta, 1944.Google Scholar
  19. Milner, H. W.J. Amer. Oil, Chem. Soc.,28: 363–367, 1951.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Murthy, H. B. N., Subrahamanyan, V. andSwaminathan, M.J. Sc., Ind. Res.,5: 173, 913, 1950.Google Scholar
  21. Marshall, F.—Personal Communication quoted by R.F.A. Deans.Google Scholar
  22. Platt, B. S.—Second Inter. African (C.C.T.A.) Conference on Nutrition, 53, 1952.Google Scholar
  23. Platt, B. S.—Second Inter. African (C.C.T.A.) Conference on Nutrition, p. 15, 1952.Google Scholar
  24. Patwardhan, V. N.Ind. Jour. Med. Sc., p. 345, 1952.Google Scholar
  25. Russell, Sir John—World Population and World Food Supplies, pp. 499–500,Google Scholar
  26. Sharma, N. L.Ind. Med. Gaz., Dec. 1946.Google Scholar
  27. — andGupta, K. C.Ind. Jour. Ped.,21: 270–79, 1954.Google Scholar
  28. Sankaran, G.—A Scheme for Production of Food Yeast, All India Institute of Hygiene and Public Health, Calcutta, 1949.Google Scholar
  29. Trowell, H. C. andMuwazi, E. M. K.Arch. Dis. Child.,20: 110, 1945.Google Scholar
  30. Van Veen, A. G.—Documenta Neirlandica et Indonesica de morbis tropics,50: 1950.Google Scholar
  31. Waterlow, J. C.—Researches on enzyme activity in human liver, Second Inter-African Conference on Nutrition, p. 176, 1952.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation 1955

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. L. Sharma
    • 1
  1. 1.All-India Institute of Hygiene and Publi HealthCalcutta

Personalised recommendations