Breast milk versus infant formulas: Effects on intestinal blood flow in neonates
- 44 Downloads
The differences between breast milk and infant formulas have been a popular subject of many recent studies. Most concern the chemical and biological characteristics of breast milk and infant formulas, but little work has been done about hemodynamic changes in the splanchnic circulation. In term neonates (n=22) we evaluated the effect of breast milk, adapted cow’s milk formula, and nucleotide supplemented cow’s milk formula on intestinal blood flow. To determine the blood flow velocity and estimate volume flow, pulsed Doppler ultrasound of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) was performed prefeeding and 15, 45, and 90 minutes following feeding. When pre-and postprandial blood flow features of babies were compared among in their groups according to nutrition post prandial blood flow velocity and volume flow were increased significantly over baseline in all three groups. While there was no significant difference between the postprandial blood flow parameters of the breast milk and adapted cow’s milk formula-fed groups, the nucleotide supplemented cow’s milk formula-fed group had significantly higher postprandial blood flow velocity and volume flow.
Key wordsBreast milk Artifical feeding Intestinal blood flow
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Anderson HG. Human milk feeding.Ped Clin North Am 1985; 32: 335–53.Google Scholar
- 2.Goldman AS, Goldblum RM, Hanson LA. Anti-inflammatory aspects of human milk. In: Xanthous M, ed.New Aspects of Nutrition in Pregnancy, Infancy and Prematurity. Amsterdam, Elsevier Science Publishers, 1987, pp 157–66.Google Scholar
- 4.Barness LA. Infant feeding: formula, solids.Ped Clin North Am 1985; 31: 355–162.Google Scholar
- 5.Gallavan RH, Jacobson ED. Intestinal blood flow. In Berk Je, (ed).Gastroenterology, Fourth edn. Philadephia: W.B. Saunders Company, 1985; pp 1900–1914.Google Scholar
- 7.Daneman A, Bobyn P, Garcia P, Stringer DA, Hellman J. Doppler sonography of intraadbominal vessels in premature infants.Pediatr Radiol 1987; 17: 342.Google Scholar
- 10.Uauy R. Dietary nucleotides and requirements in early life. In: Lebvernthal E, ed.Textbook of Gastroenterology and Nutrition in Infancy 2 edn. New York: Raven Press, 1989: pp 265–280.Google Scholar