Advertisement

The Indian Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 54, Issue 5, pp 755–758 | Cite as

Poliomyelitis in children

  • B. R. Santhanakrishman
  • N. Deivanayagam
  • E. Appachi
  • A. Parthasarathy
Annotation

Abstract

Poliomyelitis continues to be one of the crippling diseases affecting children in our country. Seventy four percent of the affected children were under the age of two years. Nearly seventy two per cent of these children were totally unprotected and another 18·4% were partially protected. In 66·6% of the children intramuscular infection served as a provocative factor. Spinal poliomyelitis constituted 72%; the rest were bulbospinal 22·5%, bulbar 3·5%, encephalitic type 2·3% and isolated facial palsy 0·5%. The importance of immunization before the age of one year is stressed.

Key words

Poliomyelitis Spinal Bulbo spinal Immunization strategies 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Basu RN. Magnitude of problem of poliomyelitis in India.Indian Pediatr 1981;18: 507–511PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    John TK, John TJ. Is poliomyelitis a serious problem in developing countries? The Vellore experience.J Tr Pediatr 1982;28: 11–23Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kimfarley RJ, Bart KJ, Schonberg LB et al. Poliomyelitis in USA. Virtual elimination of disease caused by wild virus.Lancet 1984; i: 1315–17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Weller TH. Poliomyelitis. Its global demise.Pediatrics 1984;74: 442Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Editorial. Poliomyelitis Worldwide.Br Med J 1980;i: 1555–56Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Editorial. Polio reconsidered.Lancet 1983;ii: 1309Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Jacob John T. Towards national policy on poliomyelitis. Editorial.Indian Pediatr 1981;18: 503–506Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Robbin RFC. Summary and recommendation in international symposium on poliomyelitis control.Rev Infect Dis 1984;6: 596–600Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    John TJ, Joseph A, Vijayarathinam P. A better system for polio vaccination in developing countries.Br Med J 1981;11: 542Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. R. Santhanakrishman
    • 1
  • N. Deivanayagam
    • 1
  • E. Appachi
    • 1
  • A. Parthasarathy
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Child Health and Hospital for ChildrenMadras

Personalised recommendations