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Bulletin of Materials Science

, Volume 18, Issue 4, pp 405–434 | Cite as

Interfaces in discontinuously reinforced metal matrix composites: An overview

  • R Mitra
  • Y R Mahajan
Indo—Japan Seminar On New Materials

Abstract

The fundamental and engineering aspects pertaining to the matrix-reinforcement interfaces in discontinuously reinforced metal matrix composites are presented in this overview. The interfaces play a key role in determining mechanical properties, namely Young’s modulus, yield strength, elongation, creep and fracture behaviour, as well as physical properties like coefficient of thermal expansion, thermal conductivity and damping characteristics of metal matrix composites; these are discussed in detail. The ratio of the experimental value of the Young’s modulus to that predicted from the rule of mixtures has been used as a measure of interfacial bond strength. Various issues such as the nature of the interfacial bond, chemical reaction at the interfaces, and effect of alloying and processing on the structure of the interfaces and the properties of the composite are examined. In order to exploit the full potential of reinforcing the metallic matrix, the suggested strategies include creation of metallic bonding at the interface, use ofin situ processing, choice of right type of alloying elements, and heat treatments and engineering of interfaces.

Keywords

Interfaces bonding wetting coherency Young’s modulus physical and mechanical properties in situ composites orientation relationship interfacial energy 

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Copyright information

© the Indian Academy of Sciences 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • R Mitra
    • 1
  • Y R Mahajan
    • 1
  1. 1.Defence Metallurgical Research LaboratoryHyderabadIndia

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