Blood sugar values have been determined by the method of Sharmaet al. in three groups of newborns viz., normal, small for date and preterm. The values in small for date babies were significantly different from normal ones.
The small for date babies showed the lowest mean blood glucose value of 32 mg percent at age 13 to 18 hours and preterm newborns also had a mean value of 31.8 mg percent at the same age. The rate of fall of blood glucose was faster in small for date neonates.
Males had slightly less blood glucose values than females and birth weight as such had no significant effect on blood glucose value. Preterm babies had a group mean value of 39.8 mg percent as compared to 47.2 mg percent in term babies.
The mean blood glucose value was higher by a factor of 1.6 mg percent in femoral vein blood as compared to a heel prick sample.
Campbell, M.A., Furgeuson, I.C., Hutchison, J.H. and Kerr, M.M. (1967). Diagnosis and treatment of hypoglycacmia in newborn.Arch. Dis. Child.42, 353.PubMedGoogle Scholar
Cornblath, M., Joassim, G., Weiss, K.B. and Swietak, K.R. (1966). Hypoglycemia in newborn.Pediatr. Cin. North Amer.13, 905.Google Scholar
Cornblath, M.L., Levin, E.V. and Gordon, H.H. (1956). Studies of carbohydrate metabolism in the newborn.Pediatrics18, 167.PubMedGoogle Scholar
Cornblath, M., Odel, G.B. and Levin, E.V. (1959). Symptomatic hypoglycemia associated with toxaemia of pregnancy.J. Pediatr.55, 545.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Corublath, M. and Ressner, S.A. (1965). Blood glucose in the neonates and its clinical significance.N. Engl. J. Med.273, 38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Etheridge, J.E. (1967). Hypoglycemia and the central nervous system.Pediatr. Clin. North Amer.14, 865.Google Scholar
Haworth, J.C. (1965). Carbohydrate metabolism in foetus and newborn.Pediatr. Clin. North Amer.12, 573.Google Scholar
Haworth, J.C., Billing, L. and Youmoozai, M.K. (1967). Relation of blood glucose to haematocrit, birth weight and other body measurements in normal and growth retarded newborn infants.Lancet,2, 901.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Karan, S., Sachi Devi, P. and Laxman, S. (1975). Hypolycemia in the newborn with special reference to starvation and feeding on blood glucose levels in low birth weight and full sized infants during the first 24 hours of life.Indian Pediatr.12, 469.PubMedGoogle Scholar
McKittrick, J.B. (1940). Serial blood sugar determinations in the normal Newborn infants.J. Pediatr.16, 151.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pildes, R., Forbs, A.E., O'Connor, S.M. and Cornblath, M. (1967). The incidence of neonatal hypoglycemia—a complete survey.J. Pediatr.70, 76.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Shelly, H.J. (1964). Carbohydrate reserves in the newborn infant.Br. Med. J.1, 273.Google Scholar
Shelly, H.J. and Neligan, G.A. (1966). Neonatal hypoglycemia.Br. Med. Bull.22, 34.Google Scholar
Sharma, N.C., Sur, B.K. and Shukla, R.K. (1972). A simplified technique for estimation of blood glucose.Indian J. Physiol. Pharmacol.16, 349.PubMedGoogle Scholar
Stur, O. (1964).Biologia. Neonat.6, 38—Quoted by Shellyet al. 1966.Google Scholar
Villee, C.A. (1953). The regulation of blood glucose in human foetus.J. Appl. Physiol.5, 437.PubMedGoogle Scholar