Advertisement

Bulletin of Materials Science

, Volume 18, Issue 5, pp 603–621 | Cite as

Surface treatment of red mud and its influence on the properties of particulate-filled polyester composites

  • B Singh
  • M Gupta
Article

Abstract

The red mud surface was treated with organosilane, organotitanate and organozirconate coupling agents respectively. The change in the surface was determined by IR spectroscopy and SEM. The effect of coupling agents concentration on the tensile and flexural strength of red mud-filled polyester resin has been studied. The efficacy of these coupling agents was discussed in relation to dispersion of red mud in unsaturated polyester resin and also by measuring performance of finished castings under both dry and wet conditions. It was found that organotitanate treated red mud-filled polyester composite gives better physico-mechanical properties than the control and other coupling agents treated red mud. Fractography of failed samples was also discussed in terms of their mechanical properties.

Keywords

Red mud unsaturated polyester resin red mud-filled polyester composites coupling agents 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Ahmed S and Jones F R 1990Composites 21 81CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Aramine F, Horst W and George B 1961Chem. Abstr. 55 19296dGoogle Scholar
  3. Broutman L J and Sahu S 1971Mater. Sci. Eng. 8 98CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chand N 1991Proc. national symp. on substitute for wood in buildings, Roorkee, p. 49Google Scholar
  5. Daniel F K 1950 Nat. Paint Varnish & Lacquer Assn. Sci. Sec. Circular 744 & 745Google Scholar
  6. Eckstein Y and Berger E J 1983Proc. Org. Coat. Appl. Polym. Sci. 48 23Google Scholar
  7. Favis B D, Blanchard L P, Leonard J and Prod’homme R E 1983J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 28 1235CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Guruviah S and Rajagopalan K S 1966Paint India 16 31Google Scholar
  9. Han C D, Sanford C and Yoo H J 1978Polym. Eng. Sci. 18 849CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Ishida H 1983 inMolecular characterization of composite interfaces (eds) H Ishida and G Kumar (New York: Plenum Press) pp 25–50Google Scholar
  11. Ishida H and Koenig J L 1978Polym. Eng. Sci. 18 128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ishida H and Koenig J L 1980J. Polym. Sci. Phys. 18 1931CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Katz H S and Milewski J V 1978Handbook of fillers and reinforcements for plastics (Toronto: Reinhold)Google Scholar
  14. Kenyon A S 1968J. Colloid. Interf. Sci. 27 761CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kenyon A S and Duffy H J 1970Polym. Sci. Eng. 7 1Google Scholar
  16. Ketomo A G 1952Chem. Abstr. 46 10674dGoogle Scholar
  17. Moloney A C, Kausch H H and Stieger H R 1983J. Mater. Sci. 18 208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Moloney A C, Kausch H H and Stieger H R 1984J. Mater. Sci. 19 1125CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Moloney A C, Kausch H H, Kaiser T and Beer H R 1987J. Mater. Sci. 22 381CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Molphy M, Laslett R L, Gunatillake A P, Rizzardo E and Mainwaring D E 1994Polym. Int. 34 425CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Monte S J and Sugerman G 1981 SPI RP/C Instit 18-DGoogle Scholar
  22. Nelson B E and Turner D T 1972J. Polym. Sci. 10 2461Google Scholar
  23. Panda L K 1992Proc. national seminar on utilization of red mud (Bhubaneswar: RRL) p. 15Google Scholar
  24. Plueddemann E P 1982Silane coupling agents (New York: Plenum Press)Google Scholar
  25. Plueddemann E P 1983 inMolecular characterization of composite interfaces (eds) H Ishida and G Kumar (New York: Plenum Press) pp 13–23Google Scholar
  26. Pritchard G and Wainwright R 1993 inAdvanced composites, 93 (eds) T Chandra and A K Dhingra (Warrendale, PA: TMS) pp 629–635Google Scholar
  27. Ramanujam S and Saluja R V 1965Chem. Abstr. 63 797cGoogle Scholar
  28. Redford K C 1971J. Mater. Sci. 6 1286CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Rodriguez E L and Newaz G M 1988Polym. Comp. 9 93CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Singh B, Gupta M and Verma A 1995Const. & Build. Mater. 9 39CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Soderholm K J and Calvert P D 1983J. Mater. Sci. 18 2957CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Spandoukis J and Young R J 1984J. Mater. Sci. 18 288Google Scholar
  33. Sung N H, Kaul A, Chin I and Sung C S P 1982Polym. Eng. Sci. 22 637CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Union Industrial Research Laboratory (UIRL), Taiwan Republic of China, Personal CommunicationGoogle Scholar
  35. Vogel F 1965Chem. Abstr. 63 12724eGoogle Scholar
  36. Wong R 1972J. Adhesion 4 171CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Young R J 1980 inDevelopments in reinforced polymers (eds) G Pritchard (London: Applied Science)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Indian Academy of Sciences 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • B Singh
    • 1
  • M Gupta
    • 1
  1. 1.Central Building Research InstituteRoorkeeIndia

Personalised recommendations