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Journal of Coastal Conservation

, Volume 7, Issue 1, pp 1–12 | Cite as

The lichen-rich coastal heath vegetation on the isle of Anholt, Denmark — description, history and development

  • Christensen Steen N. 
  • Johnsen Ib
Article

Abstract

The marine foreland called Ørkenen (=the desert) at Anholt is covered by lichen-richEmpetrum nigrum-Corynephorus canescens heath vegetation on beach ridg e systems formed during the elevation of land after the Weichsel ice age andStereocaulon saxatile-richAmmophila arenaria-Corynephorus canescens vegetation on semi-fixed aeolic dunes. The development of the vegetation at Ørkenen is the result of various kinds of human exploitation, with its maximum in the 16th and 17th century. After the cessation of human use, a slow succession towards closed vegetation with mainlyEmpetrum nigrum andCorynephorus canescens began. The present heath ecosystem, developed on sandy substrate with very little organic matter and a small nutrient supply, is a high priority habitat in Europe.

Keywords

Beach ridge Calluna vulgaris Corynephorus canescens Dune Empetrum nigrum Exploitation Heath Juniperus communis Lichen Pine forest Shingle 

Nomenclature

Hansen (1981) for vascular plants Andersen et al. (1976) for mosses Santesson (1993) for lichens 

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Copyright information

© EUCC; Opulus Press Uppsala 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christensen Steen N. 
    • 1
  • Johnsen Ib
    • 2
  1. 1.Botanical MuseumUniversity of CopenhagenCopenhagen KDenmark
  2. 2.Ecological Physiology Research Group, Botanical InstituteUniversity of CopenhagenCopenhagen KDenmark

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