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Forstwissenschaftliches Centralblatt

, Volume 102, Issue 1, pp 86–98 | Cite as

Wurzel- und Bodenschäden durch Fahrzeuge

  • C. -J. Bredberg
  • I. Wästerlund
Article

Zusammenfassung

Die von Forstmaschinen im Zuge der Holzernte, vor allem der Durchforstung, an Boden und verbleibendem Bestand verursachten Schäden können zu erheblichen Zuwachsverlusten und finanziellen Ertragseinbußen führen.

Rindenverletzungen an gröberen Wurzeln sind häufig; sie haben Zuwachsverluste bis zu 12% zur Folge. Durch Pilzbefall und Fäule können Qualitätsminderungen im Schaft auftreten. Aus der Kombination von Wurzelschäden und Bodenverdichtung können weitere Zuwachsverluste hervorgerufen werden.

Diese Einbußen lassen sich reduzieren durch bessere Planung der Maßnahmen und durch Anpassung der Maschinen und Arbeitsverfahren an die gegebenen Verhältnisse. Um auch auf empfindlichen Böden ein tolerierbares Schadensausmaß zu gewährleisten, ist eine gezielte Weiterentwicklung der Fahrzeuge und Maschinen erforderlich. Als Grundlage für eine solche Entwicklung müssen in systematischer Forschung die Zusammenhänge zwischen Maschineneigenschaften und Schäden geklärt werden.

Vehicle-caused damage to roots and soil

Summary

Damages caused by forest machines to the soil and the residual stand during timber harvesting, especially in thinnings, can result in considerable losses in increment and financial yield.

Thicker roots are frequently injured, causing losses in increment that can amount up to 12 per cent. A reduction of quality of the stem by fungal attack and rot is possible. The combination of root damages and soil compaction can result in additional losses in increment.

These losses can be reduced by better planning of the harvesting operations and better adaptation of machines and harvesting methods to the existing conditions. To limit damages to a tolerable level also on instable soils, a specific development of the off-road vehicles and machines is required. As a basis for such developments the relations between machine characteristics and damages have to be explored by systematic research work.

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Copyright information

© Verlag Paul Parey 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. -J. Bredberg
    • 1
  • I. Wästerlund
    • 1
  1. 1.UH, Sveriges Lantbruksuniversitet, Skogsvetenskapliga fakultetenSwedish University of Agricultural Sciences, College of ForestryGarpenberg

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