Journal of Phase Equilibria and Diffusion

, Volume 27, Issue 6, pp 598–604 | Cite as

Carbon diffusion in steels: A numerical analysis based on direct integration of the flux

  • Olga Karabelchtchikova
  • Richard D. Sisson
Section I: Basic And Applied Research


In the early 1970s, Professor Dayananda developed a technique for the direct integration of fluxes from the concentration profiles in vapor-solid diffusion couples to determine diffusion coefficients and atomic mobilities. As part of a project to control and optimize the industrial carburization process in mild- and low-alloyed steels, a modified integration analysis was applied to determine the mass transfer coefficient in the gas boundary layer and carbon diffusivity in austenite. Because carbon flux and surface carbon content vary with time during single-stage carburizing even with a fixed carbon potential in the atmosphere, a mass balance at the gas-solid interface must serve as a boundary condition. This article discusses the numerical modeling of gas carburizing, and focuses on calculating the mass transfer and carbon diffusivity parameters using the simulated concentration profiles. This approach validates the proposed method by comparing the calculated parameters with those used in simulation. The results were compared with previous determinations and predictions reported in the literature.


carburization computation concentration profiles diffusion modeling diffusivity coefficient 


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Copyright information

© ASM International 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Worcester Polytechnic InstituteCenter for Heat Treating Excellence Materials Science and EngineeringWorcester

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