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The Indian Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 72, Issue 10, pp 877–879 | Cite as

Factors affecting antibiotic prescribing pattern in pediatric practice

  • R. Bharathiraja
  • Sivakumar Sridharan
  • Luke Ravi Chelliah
  • Saradha Suresh
  • Mangayarkarasi Senguttuvan
Clinical Brief

Abstract

To determine the proportion of children receiving antibiotics for common illnesses and to understand the antibiotic prescription ptern and factors influencing it, a cross sectional study was done among the private practitioners in Chennai, India 403 prescriptions by 40 physicians from selected health facilities were analyzed 79.9% of children with ARI (Acuite respiratory infection) and ADD (Acute watery diarrhea) were prescribed antibiotics. Penicillins (43.9%) were the commonest antibiotic prescribed. Factors like postgraduate qualification, experience of physician, source and method of updating knowledge, inpatient practice setting and presence of fever influenced the antibiotic prescription.

Key words

AntibiotocPrescription Common illnesses Children 

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References

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    WHO (1995), the management of acute respiratory infections in children, practical guidelines for outpatient care, World Health Organisation, Geneva.Google Scholar
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    Antonio da Cunhaet al. Inappropriate antibiotic prescription to children with acute respiratory infection in Brazil. IndianPediatrics 2003; 40: 7–12.PubMedGoogle Scholar
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    Arch G Mainous III, William J. Hueston, Mathew P. Davis, William S. Pearson. Trends in antimicrobial prescribing for bronchitis and upper respiratory infections among adults and children.American J Public Health, November 2003, Vol. 93, No. 11. 1910–1914.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Bharathiraja
    • 1
  • Sivakumar Sridharan
    • 1
  • Luke Ravi Chelliah
    • 1
  • Saradha Suresh
    • 1
  • Mangayarkarasi Senguttuvan
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Child Health and Hospital for ChildrenMadras Medical CollegeChennaiIndia

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