Advertisement

The Indian Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 65, Issue 4, pp 565–572 | Cite as

Tamil Nadu nutritional survey comparing children aged 0–3 years with the NCHS/CDC reference population

  • Rajaratnam Abel
  • V. Sampathkumar
Original Article

Abstract

A cross-sectional nutritional survey of children belonging to Tamil Nadu State of India, aged 0–3 years was conducted on a representative sample of 2039 children. The collected data was analysed using the recommended indices of height-for-age and weight-for-height based on standard deviation (SD scores) and cross-classified using the SD scores. The nutritional status of these children was compared with the NCHS standard. Prevalence of stunting (27.6%), wasting (9.9%) and simultaneous wasting and stunting (10.7%) was high among the children studied:

Key Words

Nutritional status Stunting Wasting 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Administrative Committee on Coordination-Sub Committee on Nutrition. Overview of trends in malnutrition.Second Report on the World Nutrition Situation, Global and regional results, Vol. 1. ACC/SCN, Geneva, 1992; 11.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Gopalan C. Stunting significance and implications for public health policy. In: Waterlow JC,ed. Linear Growth Retardation in Less Developed Countries. Nestle Nutrition Workshop Series. Vol. 14, New York; Raven Press 1988; 256–284.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    World Health Organisation. Global strategy for health for all by the year 2000.Health for All Series, No. 3 WHO, Geneva, 1981; 15–18.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    WHO Technical report Series. Methodology of nutritional surveillance: report of a joint FAO/UNICEF/WHO Expert Committee, No. 593. WHO, Geneva, 1976; 36:Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Waterlow JC, Buzina R, Keller W, Lane JM, Nichaman MZ, Tanner JM. The presentation and use of height and weight data for comparing the nutritional status of group of children under the age of 10 years.Bull WHO 1977; 55:489–498.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Food and Nutrition Board. National Academy of Sciences — National Research Council. Comparison of body weights and lengths and heights of groups of children.Nut Rev 1974; 32: 284–288.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    World Health Organisation. Measuring change in nutritional status.Guidelines for assessing the nutritional impact of supplementary feeding programmes for vulnerable groups. WHO Geneva, 1983; 21.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Bose A. Population of India.1991 Census results and methodology. Delhi: B.R. Publishing Corporation, 1991; 54.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Anderson MA. Comparison of anthropometric measures of nutritional status in preschool children in five developing countries.Am J Clin Nutr 1979; 32: 2339–2345.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Steinhoff MC, Hilder AS, Srilatha VL, Mukarji D. Prevalence of malnutrition in Indian Preschool age children: a survey of wasting and stunting in rural Tamilnadu.Bull WHO 1986; 64 : 457–463.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    National Households survey capability programme. How to weigh and measure children. New York : United Nations Department of Technical Cooperation for Development and Statistical Office, 1986; 14–59.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Jordan MD. The CDC anthropometric software package. Atlanta, GA: Centres for Disease Control, 1986; 136.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    National Family Health Survey. Population Research Centre. The Gandhigram Institute of Rural Health and Family Welfare Trust. Ambathurai R.S. Tamilnadu and International Institute for Population sciences, Bombay, 1994; 174–177.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    George S,. Abel R, Miller BD. Female infanticide in rural South India.Economic and Political Weekly 1992; 27:1153–1156.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Administrative Committee on Coordiantion — Sub-Commitee on Nutrition. Women’s Nutritional Status.Second report on the World Nutrtion Situation. Global and regional results, Vol. 1. ACC/SCN, Geneva, 1992; 51–57.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rajaratnam Abel
    • 1
  • V. Sampathkumar
    • 1
  1. 1.RUHSA Department Christian Medical College and Hospital, RUHSA CampusTamil NaduIndia

Personalised recommendations