Development of an expert system for cold forging of axisymmetric product

Horizontal split and optimal design of multi-former die set
Original Article


This paper deals with an automated computer-aided process planning and die design system by which the designer can determine operation sequences even if they have little experience in process planning and die design for axisymmetric products. An attempt is made to link programs incorporating a number of expert design rules with the process variables obtained by commercial FEM softwares, DEFORM and ANSYS, to form a useful package. The system is composed of four main modules. The process planning and the die design modules consider several factors, such as the complexities of preform geometry, punch and die profiles, specifications of available multi-former, and the availability of standard parts. They can provide a flexible process based on either the reduction in the number of forming sequences by combining the possible two processes in sequence, or the reduction of deviation of the distribution on the level of the required forming loads by controlling the forming ratios. In the die design module optimal design technique and the horizontal split of the die insert were investigated for determining appropriate dimensions of components of the multi-former die set. It is suggested that the proposed method can be beneficial for improving the tool life of the die set in practice.


Die design Extrusion Process planning Split insert 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Institute of Mechanical TechnologyPusan National UniversityPusanSouth Korea

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