Kinetic characterization of extracellular α-amylase from a derepressed mutant ofBacillus licheniformis
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Three strains ofBacillus licheniformis were isolated and screened for α-amylase production by solid-state fermentation. Of these, IS-2 gave relatively higher enzyme production (32±2.3 U/[g·min]) and was selected for improvement after treatment withN-methylN-nitroN-nitroso guanidine (NG) or nitrous acid (NA) to enhance its hydrolytic potential. Among the mutant variants, NA-14 gave higher enzyme production (98±1.6 U/[g·min]), and hence, was selected for kinetic and thermal characterization. M1 as a moistening agent (pH 7.0, optimized) supported 2.65-fold improved amylolytic activity by the derepressed mutant 72 h after inoculation. The values of product yield coefficient (Y p/x=1833.3 U/g) and specific rate constant (q p=25.46 U/[g·h]) with starch were severalfold improved over those from other carbon sources and the other cultures. The purified enzyme from NA-14 was most active at 40°C; however, the activity remained almost constant up to 44°C. The NA-induced random mutagenesis substantially improved the enthalpy (ΔH D=94.5±11 kJ/mol) and entropy of activation (ΔS=−284±22 J/[mol·K]) for α-amylase activity and substrate binding for starch hydrolysis. The results of this study (117.8±5.5 U/[g·min]) revealed a concomitant improvement in the endogenous metabolism of the mutant culture for α-amylase production.
Index EntriesBacillus licheniformis α-amylase mutant solid-state fermentation wheat bran thermal characterization
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