On Lie point symmetries in mechanics
We present some remarks on the existence and the properties of Lie point symmetries of finite dimensional dynamical systems expressed either in Newton-Lagrange or in Hamilton form. We show that the only Lie symmetries admitted by Newton-Lagrange-type problems are essentially linear symmetries, and construct the most general problem admitting such a symmetry. In the case of Hamiltonian problems, we discuss the differences and the relationships between the existence of time-independent Lie point symmetries and the invariance properties of the Hamiltonian under coordinate transformations.
PACS 02.20Group theory
PACS 03.20Classical mechanics of continuous media general mathematical aspects
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