- 65 Downloads
This review has pointed out the morphologic differences in the pediatric population and the special subset of disorders of this group that are important for EMG studies and diagnosis of muscle disorders in this population. The size of the patient coupled with the process of myelination means that normative values must be available for each age group. The disorders discussed are generally encountered first in the pediatric population. The electromyographer who sees pediatric cases, must be aware of these disorders. The most commonly observed disorders have been described briefly and the most important signs have been presented differentiating the various pediatric neuromuscular disorders.
Key wordsElectromyography Pediatrics Nerve conduction Muscle Motor neuron Neuromuscular junction
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Shahani BT. Nerve conduction studies in infants and children. American Academy of Neurology 1980; Annual course # 13: 11–19.Google Scholar
- 2.Shahani BT, Young RR. Clinical significance of late response studies in infants and children. Abstract.Neurology 1981; 31:66.Google Scholar
- 3.Thomas JE, Lambert EH. Ulner nerve conduction velocity and H-reflex in infants and children.J Appl Physiol 1960; 51:1–9.Google Scholar
- 4.Gamstorp I.Normal conduction velocity of ulnar, median and peroneal nerves in infancy, childhood, and adolescence.Acta Paediatr Scand (Suppl) 1963; 146: 68.Google Scholar
- 11.Mayo Clinic.A Manual of techniques in motor and sensory neurophysiology from the Electrophysiology and Clinical Neurophysiology Laboratory, March 1986;Google Scholar
- 12.Shahani BT. Late responses and the silent period.Electrodiagnosis in Clinical Neurology 1986; 333–345.Google Scholar
- 14.Saaco G, Bucthal F, Rosenfalk P. Motor unit potentials at different ages.Arch Neurol 1962; 6: 366–373.Google Scholar
- 16.Jones R. Monograph, electromyographic evaluation of the floppy infant : A review, differential diagnosis, and technical considerations. AAEE 1987; 1–36.Google Scholar
- 17.Kimura J.Electrodiagnosis in Diseases of Nerve and Muscle: Principles and Practice. Philadelphia : FA. Davis, 1985; 1983 : 527–548.Google Scholar
- 18.Dubowitz Victor.Muscle disorders in childhood. London, Philadelphia, Toronto: W.B. Saunders Company Ltd, 1978; 8–34, 98–106.Google Scholar