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The Indian Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 67, Issue 2, pp 87–91 | Cite as

Blood lead and efythrocyte protoporphyrin levels in Kazakhstan

  • Balkrishena Kaul
  • James 0. Rasmuson
  • Roger L. Olsen
  • Curt R. Chanda
  • Tatiana I. Slazhneva
  • Eduard I. Granovsky
  • Andrey A. Korchevsky
Original Article

Abstract

A pilot study was conducted to examine the extent of lead exposure and prevalence of iron deficiency in 3 major cities of Kazakhstan. Blood lead (B-Pb.) and erythrocyte protoporphyrin (ZnPP) levels of 475 children, age range 6 months to 7 yeas were measured. The mean B-Pb. levels in the different cities ranged from 4–7 ug/dl (minimum 1 to max 29 ug/dl) and similarly the mean ZnPP levels ranged from 26–32 ug/dl (minimum 12 and maximum 95 ug/dl), thus confirming low level lead poisoning of children at some sites. One to four year olds had greater than 10 ng/dl B-Pb in 18–27% cases compared with 3–7% cases in five to seven year olds. Prevalence of iron deficiency in 6 months to 4 year old children was the highest ranging from 28–86% compared with 4 to 15% in 4–7 year olds. However, there was remarkably low prevalence (4%) of iron deficiency in a group of 5–6 years olds. This study suggests that a targeted B-Pb and ZnPP monitoring together with an iron supplementation programme in the 3 cities of Kazakhstan is essential. Environmental education appears to have had a positive impact in lowering B-Pb at one site and should thus be expanded nationwide.

Key words

Blood lead Erythrocyte protoporphyrin 

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Copyright information

© Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Balkrishena Kaul
    • 1
  • James 0. Rasmuson
    • 2
  • Roger L. Olsen
    • 2
  • Curt R. Chanda
    • 2
  • Tatiana I. Slazhneva
    • 3
  • Eduard I. Granovsky
    • 3
  • Andrey A. Korchevsky
    • 3
  1. 1.Kaulson Laboratories, Inc.West CaldwellUSA
  2. 2.Share International Inc.Wheat RidgeUSA
  3. 3.The Centre for Health Care and Ecological ProtectionAlmatyKazakhstan

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