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The Indian Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 69, Issue 11, pp 993–995 | Cite as

Congenital airway abnormalities in neonates

  • Nupur Sarkar
  • Ramesh Agarwal
  • Anup Kumar Das
  • Surinder Atri
  • Rajiv Aggarwal
  • Ashok K. Deorari
Clinical Brief

Abstract

Airway malformations such as laryngeal atresia, tracheal agenesis and subglottic stenosis are rare and present at birth with significant respiratory distress with or without stridor. There may be an initial improvement on bag and mask ventilation. Repeated attempts at intubation are met with failure. The related embryology and clinical aspect of airway malformations have been discussed. The prognosis in tracheal agenesis is universally fatal but cases with laryngeal atresia and subglottic stenosis may be saved with prompt tracheostomy and later surgical reconstruction.

Key words

Tracheal agenesis Laryngeal atresia Subglottic stenosis 

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Copyright information

© Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nupur Sarkar
    • 2
  • Ramesh Agarwal
    • 2
  • Anup Kumar Das
    • 1
    • 2
  • Surinder Atri
    • 1
    • 2
  • Rajiv Aggarwal
    • 2
  • Ashok K. Deorari
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PathologyAll India Institute of Medical SciencesNew DelhiIndia
  2. 2.Department of PediatricsAll India Institute of Medical SciencesNew DelhiIndia

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