The chemistry of fractionally charged atoms
An effective search for free quarks in matter requires understanding the chemistry of atoms with fractionally charged nuclei. Their chemistry is determined by interpolation in terms of the known chemistry of neutral atoms and ions. Electronegativities and ionic crystal radii of quark atoms are computed.
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- (7).This always proves possible except when the nuclear chargeZ is 1/2. Then a theoretical estimate can be made.Google Scholar
- (8).The chemical relationship between elements in other corresponding columns,e.g. V B and V A, in not close because of the complexd-shell structure of elements in the remaining B columns.Google Scholar