Chemistry and Technology of Fuels and Oils

, Volume 36, Issue 1, pp 37–47 | Cite as

Some specific methods of organizing two-layer lubrication

  • I. A. Buyanovskii
  • L. I. Kuksenova
  • L. M. Rybakova
  • I. G. Fuks
Chemmotology Lecture Hall


The analysis of two-layer lubrication, metal cladding, and selective transfer in friction indicate the unified nature of these processes, which consist of formation of a sublayer of soft material on the friction surface and the SF molecules adsorbed on it. However, an effective decrease in the friction coefficient and wear rate is not attained in all cases.

The realization of high performability of a friction unit in two-layer lubrication involves a set of processes in the contact zone of the rubbing bodies. The analysis of the antifriction and antiwear effect of lubricants, based on the fundamental premises of the molecular-mechanical theory of friction and thermodynamics of solids, showed that in a certain range of unit contact loads, lubricants do not have a high antiwear effect and are inferior to the characteristic antiwear additives, which do not have an antifriction action. This is due to the formation of lubricating media which ensure two-layer lubrication on the friction surfaces of the layers which are prone to disintegrate to a great degree, i.e., which have low hardness and strength.

In friction in conditions of selective transfer, the formation of a soft layer on the friction surface is determined by the features of the effect of the medium on the deformed surface layer and the direction of the structural and phase transitions in the region of the deformed antifriction alloy. The diffusion processes caused by stress and strain gradients, mass transfer, and the activity of the medium, which are a function of many factors, including external factors (pressure, velocity, temperature, etc.), can inhibit or restrict the processes required for realization of the positive effect of two-layer lubrication, including the phenomenon of selective transfer.


Friction Coefficient Molybdenum Disulfide Friction Surface Boundary Lubrication Friction Unit 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    F. P. Bowden and D. Tabor,The Friction and Lubrication of Solids, Oxford University Press, London (1958).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    I. G. Fuks and I. A. Buyanovskii,Introduction to Tribology [in Russian], Neft’ i Gaz, Moscow (1995).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    G. I. Fuks,Trenie Iznos,4, No. 3, 398–414 (1983).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    G. I. Fuks, Z. A. Kuteinikova, and M. M. Blekherov, in:Studies in the Physical Chemistry of Contact Interactions [in Russian], Bashkirskoe Knizhnoe Izd., Ufa (1971), pp. 79–93.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    N. M. Alekseev and N. A. Bushe,Trenie i Iznos,6, No. 6, 965–974 (1985).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    D. N. Garkunov,Tribotechnology [in Russian], Mashinostroenie, Moscow (1989).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    A. S. Kuzharov and N. Yu. Onishchuk,Properties and Use of Metal-Cladding Lubricants [in Russian], TsNIITEneftekhim, Moscow (1985).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    A. S. Kuzharov and O. V. Visenko,Trenie i Iznos,13, No. 2, 317–323 (1992).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    S. E. Kaminskii, Candidate Dissertation, I. M. Gubkin State Academy of Oil and Gas, Moscow (1992).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    D. N. Garkunov (ed.),Selective Transfer in Heavily Loaded Friction Units [in Russian], Mashinostroenie, Moscow (1982).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    V. Ya. Kusochkin and B. A. Livshits,Trenie i Iznos,5, No. 5, 882–888 (1984).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    E. S. Forbes,Tribology,3, 145–152 (1970).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    T. Sakurai,Probl. Treniya Smazki,103, No. 4, 1–14 (1981).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Yu. S. Zaslavskii,Tribology of Lubricants [in Russian], Khimiya, Moscow (1991).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    J. M. Georges, in:New Directions in Tribology, I. M. Hutchings (ed.), MEP, Bury, St. Edmunds and London (1997), pp. 67–82.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    A. B. Vipper, V. L. Lashkhi, R. M. Matveevskii, et al.,Khim. Tekhnol. Topl. Masel, No. 1, 56 – 58 (1981).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    I. A. Buyanovskii, V. L. Lashkhi, and R. M. Matveevskii, in:Proceedings of the XI All-Union Symposium on Mechanochemistry and Mechanoemissions of Solids, Chernigov, September 11 – 14 (1990) [in Russian], Vol. 1, Chernigov (1990), pp. 120 – 121.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Y. M. Sun, S. J. Jang, L. Q. Zheng, et al.,Tribol. Intern.,23, No. 6, 438–442 (1990).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    L. I. Muksenova, A. A. Polyakov, and L. M Rybakova,Vestn. Mashinostroenie, No. 1, 35 – 40 (1990).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    L. M. Rybankova and L. I. Kuksenova,Structure and Wear Resistance of Metal [in Russian], Mashinostroenie, Moscow (1982).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. A. Buyanovskii
    • 1
  • L. I. Kuksenova
    • 1
  • L. M. Rybakova
    • 1
  • I. G. Fuks
    • 1
  1. 1.A. A. Blagonravov Institute of Machine Science, Russian Academy of ScienceI. M. Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and GasUSSR

Personalised recommendations