Acute and crescentic glomerulonephritis
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Acute nephritic syndrome is clinically characterized by hematuria, proteinuria, oliguria, and volume overload with or without azotemia and histologically be acute proliferative glomerulonephritis. Acute post streptococcal glomerulonephritis is the commonest cause in children. There is a preceding infection prior to this condition in majority. This is one of the comonest causes of renal edema in children. Early recognition, prompt and aggressive therapy and adequate follow-up are mandatory. Prognosis is usually good unless associated with severe renal failure and crescentic glomerulonephritis where the outcome is relatively poor unless treatment is early and adequate. Pathologically acute proliferative nephritis is with diffuse proliferative glomerulonephritis with or without crescents. Immunosuppressive therapy is not needed in simple acute proliferative glomerulonephritis but is essential in modifying the outcome of crescentic glomerulonephritis. Delayed resolution, severe renal failure at onset, progressive renal failure and associated systemic features like skin rashes, joint pains, hepatosplenomegaly and persistent fever are the indications for biopsy. Overall the prognosis in classical post streptococcal acute proliferative glomerulonephritis is good.
Key wordsAcute nephritic syndrome Acute proliferative glomerulonephritis Biopsy Crescentic glomerulonephritis
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