The Indian Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 71, Issue 7, pp 609–615 | Cite as

Japanese encephalitis in India: An overview

  • Lalitha Kabilan
  • R. Rajendran
  • N. Arunachalam
  • S. Ramesh
  • S. Srinivasan
  • P. Philip Samuel
  • A. P. Dash
Special Article


Japanese encephalitis (JE)-epidemics have been reported in many parts of the country. The incidence has been reported to be high among pediatric group with high mortality. The incidence of JE in recent times is showing an increasing trend. It appears that JE may become one of the major public health problems in India, considering the quantum of the vulnerable pediatric population, the proportion of JEV infections among the encephalitic children and wide scattering of JE-prone areas. JE burden can be estimated satisfactorily to some extend by strengthening diagnostic facilities for JE confirmation in hospitals and by maintenance of contact with the nearby referral hospitals to collect the particulars on JE cases. Vaccination proves to be the best to protect the individual against any disease. In the case of JE, it is essential to immunize the pigs (amplifying host) also to interrupt the transmission of the disease

Key words

Japanese encephalitis pediatric population Public health Encephalitic children 


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Copyright information

© Department of Pediatrics All India Institute Of Medical Science 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lalitha Kabilan
    • 3
  • R. Rajendran
    • 3
  • N. Arunachalam
    • 3
  • S. Ramesh
    • 1
    • 3
  • S. Srinivasan
    • 2
    • 3
  • P. Philip Samuel
    • 3
  • A. P. Dash
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Pediatrics, Rajah Muthiah Medical College and HospitalAnnamalai UniversityChidambram
  2. 2.Department of PediatricsJawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and ResearchPondicherryIndia
  3. 3.Centre for Research in Medical EntomologyIndian Council of Medical ResearchMadurai

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