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The Indian Journal of Pediatrics

, Volume 68, Issue 3, pp 211–216 | Cite as

Long term nutritional effects of ICDS

  • Sanjiv K. Bhasin
  • Vineet Bhatia
  • Parveen Kumar
  • O. P. Aggarwal
Original Article

Abstract

Nutritional status of 1243 children (636 boys and 607 girls) in the age group of 7–13 years was assessed in relation to utilisation of Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) during their childhood. All the houses in every 10th Anganwadi selected by systematic random sampling were surveyed in the ICDS project, Nand Nagri in East Delhi. Information regarding utilisation of ICDS facilities, sociodemographic details, general awareness etc. was collected by interview technique and anthropometric and clinical examination of every child was done and Anganwadi attendance score was calculated for each child. It was found that most of the children were nonbeneficiaries (59.1%). On univariate analysis Anganwadi attendance score, age, sex of the child and education status of the father showed statistically significant association (p<0.005) with malnutrition. On Multiple logistic regression analysis higher age (OR 1.4155 for grade 1 malnutrition and 1.6913 for grade 4 malnutrition) and being female (OR 1.5214 for Grade 4 malnutrition) remained significant risk factors for development of malnutrition for all grades. Anganwadi attendance score did not show any statistically significant association for decreasing the risk of getting malnourished for any grades of malnutrition in 7–13 years age group. There is special need to take special care for girls as well as to continue the special nutrition care even at an higher age. More in depth studies are needed so as to formulate effective nutritional policies for children.

Key words

ICDS Nutritional status Malnutrition Multiple logistic regression analysis 

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Copyright information

© Dr. K C Chaudhuri Foundation 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sanjiv K. Bhasin
    • 1
  • Vineet Bhatia
    • 1
  • Parveen Kumar
    • 1
  • O. P. Aggarwal
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Community MedicineUCMS & GTB HospitalDelhi

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