Mycoplasma orale infection affects K+ and Cl currents in the HSG salivary gland cell line

  • Kenneth T. Izutsu
  • Sahba Fatherazi
  • Carol M. Belton
  • Dolphine Oda
  • Frank D. Cartwright
  • George E. Kenny
Infectious Disease/Cellular Pathology


The relations between K+ channel and Cl channel currents and mycoplasma infection status were studied longitudinally in HSG cells, a human submandibular gland cell line. The K+ channel currents were disrupted by the occurrence of mycoplasma infection: muscarinic activation of K+ channels and K+ channel expression as estimated by ionomycin- or hypotonically induced K+ current responses were all decreased. Similar decreases in ionomycin- and hypotonically induced responses were observed for Cl channels, but only the latter decrease was statistically significant. Also, Cl currents could be elicited more frequently than K+ currents (63% of cases versus 0%) in infected cells when tested by exposure to hypotonic media, indicating that mycoplasma infection affects K+ channels relatively more than Cl channels. These changes occurred in the originally infected cells, were ameliorated when the infection was cleared with sparfloxacin, and recurred when the cells were reinfected. Such changes would be expected to result in hyposecretion of salivary fluid if they occurredin vivo.

Key words

potassium channels chloride channels submandibular gland infection 


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Copyright information

© Society for In Vitro Biology 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kenneth T. Izutsu
    • 1
  • Sahba Fatherazi
    • 1
  • Carol M. Belton
    • 1
  • Dolphine Oda
    • 1
  • Frank D. Cartwright
    • 2
  • George E. Kenny
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Oral Biology, School of DentistryUniversity of WashingtonSeattle
  2. 2.Department of Pathobiology, School of MedicineUniversity of WashingtonSeattle

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