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Journal of Coatings Technology

, Volume 74, Issue 925, pp 49–63 | Cite as

Interdiffusion and crosslinking in thermoset latex films

  • Mitchell A. Winnik
Technical Articles

Abstract

Thermoset latex systems represent an attractive approach to obtaining the high performance needed in many different kinds of industrial coatings, while satisfying the growing requirement for environmental friendliness. In these coatings in the dispersed state, the reactive groups are packaged inside of polymer particles. These latex particles deform as the coating dries to form a transparent binder phase. The useful properties of mechanical strength, as well as scrub and solvent resistance, develop over time. This paper focuses on the idea that to achieve the desired properties in a thermoset latex coating, one has to pay proper attention to the relative rates of polymer diffusion and crosslinking in the coating. Strength in these films develops as a consequence of chains that connect crosslink points on opposite sides of interface formed between adjacent particles in the film. Thus polymer diffusion must precede extensive bond formation created by the crosslinking chemistry. This paper reviews fundamental concepts and then describes experiments in three separate systems. These experiments show that the formulator has three main strategies to vary the relative rates of these processes: 1. Catalyst strength and concentration will affect the reaction rate. 2. Polymer chain length will affect the polymer diffusion rate. 3. Temperature changes will normally have a larger affect on the polymer diffusion rate than on the crosslinking reaction rate.

Keywords

Melamine Latex Particle PTSA Latex Film Butyl Methacrylate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mitchell A. Winnik
    • 1
  1. 1.University of TorontoCanada

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