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Journal of Biosciences

, Volume 17, Issue 4, pp 473–481 | Cite as

Effect of fatty acids on the synthesis and secretion of apolipoprotein B by rat hepatocytes

  • N. Suresh Kumar
  • Rita Abraham
  • G. Suresh Kumar
  • P. R. Sudhakaran
  • P. A. Kurup
Article

Abstract

The modulation of apolipoprotein B synthesis and secretion by fatty acids in rat hepatocytes was studied. Maximum apolipoprotein B production was obtained in the case of oleic acid followed by linoleic, stearic and palmitic/linolenic acid when compared to control which was not supplemented with any fatty acids. Oleic acid was found to exert a concentration dependent increase in the secretion of [3H] apolipoprotein B into the medium while that associated with the cell layer was not affected. Pulse chase experiments in the presence of oleic acid showed that it caused an increase in the secretion of apolipoprotein B into the medium.14C-acetate incorporation into cholesterol and cholesteryl ester associated with the cell layer and secreted very low density lipoproteins also showed an increase in the presence of oleic acid indicating an increase in cholesterogenesis. The effect of oleic acid on [3H] apolipoprotein B and very low density lipoproteins secretion appeared to be mediated through cholesterol as (i) ketoconazole, an inhibitor of cholesterol synthesis caused significant reduction in the stimulatory effect of oleic acid on apolipoprotein secretion and (ii) mevinolin, another inhibitor of cholesterol synthesis also reversed the stimulatory effect of oleic acid on apolipoprotein B secretion. These results indicated that oleic acid may influence apolipoprotein B synthesis and secretion in hepatocytes probably by affecting cholesterol/cholesteryl ester formation which may be a critical component in the secretion of apolipoprotein B as lipoproteins

Keywords

Hepatocytes oleic acid apolipoprotein B synthesis modulation by cholesterol 

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Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Suresh Kumar
    • 1
  • Rita Abraham
    • 1
  • G. Suresh Kumar
    • 1
  • P. R. Sudhakaran
    • 1
  • P. A. Kurup
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiochemistryUniversity of KeralaKariavattom, TrivandrumIndia

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