Psychosocial effect of mastectomy versus conservative surgery in patients with early breast cancer
To compare the quality-of-life (QoL) and psycho-social changes in a group of patients with early breast cancer who underwent conservative surgery (BCS) or modified radical mastectomy (MRM).
Self-administered questionnaire assessing body image perception, social habits, sexual attraction and self-consciousness with relatives/friends, was randomly assigned to 125 patients (61 BCS, 64 MRM; aged 53±8 and 50±9 years, respectively, p=NS).
MRM patients reported a significantly higher frequency of changes in body image perception and other related social behaviour such as avoiding going to the beach or using low-cut clothes, and reticence with friends. Conversely, no differences were found regarding sexuality, denial of the disease by the husband/partner, or concealing the disease from family members. Also, no significant differences were found between patients above and below the age of 50 years, for all variables studied after adjustment for surgical procedure.
Modified radical mastectomy has a negative effect on body image perception and in social behaviour patterns of patients and with a concomitant decrease in QoL. The sexuality of the patient is not significantly affected.
Key wordsquality of life bodyimage perception mastectomy conservative surgery
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