Journal of Earth System Science

, Volume 113, Issue 3, pp 313–319 | Cite as

Influence of southern oscillation and SSTs over Nino-3.4 region on the winter monsoon rainfall over coastal Andhra Pradesh

  • O. S. R. U. Bhanu Kumar
  • C. V. Naidu
  • S. R. L. Rao


An analysis of the mean monthly data of 124 years reveals that the relationship between the Southern Oscillation Index in September and the winter monsoon rainfall (WMR) over Coastal Andhra Pradesh (CAP) is variable and non-stationary. In the recent four decades, however, SOI (Sept) is negatively and significantly correlated with CAP WMR. A similar analysis is performed using 50 years of mean monthly SSTs over Nino-3.4 region in August and September and CAP WMR to detect a possible relationship and there is a striking positive relation between them. In both of the above cases, the September signal is more significant in the recent four decades than for the other months and seasons for probable prediction of CAP WMR. Finally, to examine the influence of SO on the winter monsoon rainfall, a non-parametric test “Mann-Whitney Rank Statistics” test has been applied to the rainfall associated with extreme positive and negative SOI events


Winter monsoon rainfall southern oscillation Nino-3.4 SST 


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Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • O. S. R. U. Bhanu Kumar
    • 1
  • C. V. Naidu
    • 1
  • S. R. L. Rao
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Meteorology and OceanographyAndhra UniversityVisakhapatnamIndia

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