Practical Failure Analysis

, Volume 2, Issue 4, pp 71–75 | Cite as

Rolling contact fatigue behavior of sintered and hardened steels

  • R. Gnanamoorthy
  • N. Rajiv
  • K. Gopinath
  • Y. Miyahsita
  • Y. Mutoh
Peer Reviewed Articles


Powder-metal-processed bearings and gears are finding increasing application because of their economical and technical advantages. The residual pores from the sintering operatives act as lubricant pockets and dampen sound and vibration. However, porosity also decreases the mechanical strength and reduces the life of components fabricated by powder processing relative to similar wrought components. The rolling contact fatigue behavior of sintered and heat treated steel rollers was investigated using a fatigue test machine designed and fabricated for that purpose. The powder-metal-processed and the wrought steel rollers that were tested had similar composition and hardness and were mated against wrought steel rollers of high hardness. The contact stress versus number of cycles to failure data showed that the wrought steel had a very high endurance limit under rolling contact fatigue compared to the sintered steels investigated. Rolling contact fatigue behavior was found to depend on the porosity present in the material. Large surface peeling failures and pitting type fatigue failures were observed in the sintered and hardened steels, while only pitting type failures were observed in the wrought steels


density failure analysis powder metallurgy steels rolling contact fatigue sintered and hardened 


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Copyright information

© ASM International - The Materials Information Society 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Gnanamoorthy
    • 1
  • N. Rajiv
    • 1
  • K. Gopinath
    • 1
  • Y. Miyahsita
    • 2
  • Y. Mutoh
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology MadrasChennaiIndia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical EngineeringNagaoka University of TechnologyNagaoka-shiJapan

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