Immunogenetic factors as determinants of asbestosis
To evaluate the possible role of immunogenetic factors as predisposing determinants of the development of asbestosis in exposed workers, we obtained 53 phenotypes of the human leucocyte antigen (HLA)-A, B, C, and DR antigens in 72 long-term workers of the mines and mills of Quebec and in a reference population of 150 residents. Among the asbestos workers, 32 did not have any abnormality and 40 had asbestosis. The 2 groups did not differ in term of age, exposure, or cigarette smoking habits. In agreement with previous reports, we found no significant change in frequency of the HLA-A, B, or C phenotypes. Furthermore, we did not find any significant change in the frequency of 10 phenotypes of the HLA-DR loci. We conclude that immunogenetic factors are not major predisposing determinants of asbestosis.
Key wordsAsbestosis Immunology HLA antigens
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