Bulletin of Materials Science

, Volume 28, Issue 5, pp 445–452 | Cite as

Effect of titania on fired characteristics of triaxial porcelain

  • Sunipa Bhattacharyya
  • Swapan Kumar Das
  • Nirendra Krishna Mitra
Ceramics and Glasses


Titania was progressively added in the range 3–9 wt% into a triaxial porcelain body consisting of clay, quartz and feldspar. The composed bodies were heated at five different temperatures in the range 1200-1400°C and their fired properties as well as phases evolved were studied. The results revealed that beyond 1300°C, formation of more liquid phases caused bloating in samples which led to generation of pores. This effect is more pronounced in TiO2 containing samples. In the present system, 1300°C appeared to be the optimum temperature at which porosity was almost negligible and strength was maximum (45 MPa), particularly in presence of TiO2. From the results of XRD studies, it was revealed that quartz content primarily decreased with increase in TiO2 content due to excess glass formation and its subsequent dissolution. Mullite content increased with increase in TiO2 content. No significant effect was observed beyond 6 wt% addition. Microstructure primarily showed the presence of quartz grain and cluster of smaller sized primary mullite crystals in both the samples without and with TiO2. Very few secondary mullite crystals were also observed. SEM picture of sample containing 9 wt% TiO2 showed some grain boundary crack due to cooling stress generated in the glassy phase. The drastic reduction of residual strength after 8 cycles of heating at 800°C and cooling particularly in TiO2 containing samples suggests controlled heat treatment of the vitrified samples necessary to promote secondary crystallization process for the enhancement of strength. Attempts have also been made to correlate the constitutional parameters with the properties.


Triaxial porcelain titania mineralizer fired properties 


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Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sunipa Bhattacharyya
    • 1
    • 2
  • Swapan Kumar Das
    • 1
  • Nirendra Krishna Mitra
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Clay and Traditional Ceramics DivisionCentral Glass and Ceramic Research InstituteKolkataIndia
  2. 2.Department of Chemical TechnologyCalcutta UniversityKolkataIndia

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