Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering

, Volume 19, Issue 6, pp 921–927 | Cite as

Partial oxidation (POX) reforming of gasoline for fuel-cell powered vehicles applications

  • Dong Ju Moon
  • Jong Woo Ryu
  • Sang Deuk Lee
  • Byoung Sung Ahn


As a part of the development of a gasoline processor for integration with a proton-exchanged membrane (PEM) fuel cell, we carried out the POX reforming reaction ofiso-octane, toluene and gasoline over a commercial methane reforming catalyst, and investigated the reaction conditions required to prevent the formation of carbon and the effect of fuel constituents and sulfur impurities in gasoline. The H2 and CO compositions increased with increasing reaction temperature, while those of CO2 and CH4 decreased. It is desirable to maintain an O/C molar ratio of more than 0.6 and an H2O/C molar ratio of 1.5 to 2.0 for vehicle applications. It has been found that carbon formation in the POX reforming ofiso-octane occurs below 620 °C, whereas in the case of toluene it occurs below 640 °C. POX reforming of gasoline constituents led to the conclusion that hydrogen production is directly related to the constituents of fuels and the operating conditions. It was also found that the coke formation on the surface of catalysts is promoted by sulfur impurities in fuels. For the integration of a fuel processor with PEM fuel cell, studies are needed on the development of new high-performance transition metal-based catalysts with sulfur and coke-resistance and the desulfurization of fuels before applying the POX reformer based on gasoline feed.

Key words

Gasoline POX Reforming Methane Reforming Catalyst PEM Fuel Cell HTS LTS 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Borroni-Bird, A. E., “Fuel Issues for Fuel Cell Vehicles,” Soc. Automotive Engineers, 952762, 2118 (1995).Google Scholar
  2. Borup, R., Inbody, M., Hong, J.K., Morton, B. and Tafoya, J., “Fuel and Fuel Impurity Effect and Fuel Processing Catalysts,” 2000 Fuel Cell Seminar Abstract, Portland, OR, USA, 288 (2000).Google Scholar
  3. Burch, R., Crittle, D. J. and Hayes, M. J., “C-H Bond Activation in Hydrocarbon Oxidation on Heterogeneous Catalysts,”Catal. Today,47, 227 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chalk, S. G., Milliken, J., Miller, J. F. and Venkateswaran, S. R., “The US Department of Energy Investing in Clean Transport,”J. Power Source,71, 26 (1998).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Docter, A. and Lamn, A., “Gasoline Fuel Systems,”J. Power Source,84, 194 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. DOE, Cost Analysis of Fuel Cell System for Transportation, Task 1 and 2 Final Report, Arthur D. Little Inc. (2000).Google Scholar
  7. DOE, Multi-Fuel Reformers for Fuel Cells Used in Transportation, Multi-fuel Reformers Phase I. Final Report, DOE/CE/50343-2, Arthur D. Little Inc. (1994).Google Scholar
  8. Flynn, T. J., Privette, R. M., Perna, M.A., Kneidel, K. E., King, D. L. and Cooper, M., “Compact Fuel Processor for Fuel Cell-Powered Vehicles,” Soc. Automotive Engineer., 1999-01-0536, 47 (1999).Google Scholar
  9. Jeremy, P., Moon, D. J., Cory, P. and Levi, T., “Molybdenum Carbide Catalysts for Water-gas Shift,”Catal. Lett.,65, 193 (2000).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Kopasz, J. P., Applegate, D., Ruscic, L., Ahmed, S. and Krumpelt, K., “Effect of Gasoline Component on Fuel Processing and Implications for Fuel Cell Fuels,” 2000 Fuel Cell Seminar Abstract, Portland, OR, USA, 284 (2000).Google Scholar
  11. Moon, D. J., Screekumar, K., Lee, S.D. and Lee, B. G., “Development of Gasoline Fuel Processor System for Fuel-Cell Powered Vehicles,”Theory and Applications of Chemical Engineering, Proceeding of 2000 KIChE Fall Meeting,6(2), 2313 (2000).Google Scholar
  12. Moon, D. J., Screekumar, K., Lee, S. D., Lee, B. G. and Kim, H. S., “Studies on Gasoline Fuel Processor System for Fuel-Cell Powered Vehicles Application,”Appl. Catal. A: General,215, 1 (2001).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Pro-II reference manual, version 1.0, section 2.6, Simulation Science Inc., USA (1994).Google Scholar
  14. Querini, A.A. and Fung, S.C., “Coke and Product Profile Foamed along the Catalyst Bed during n-Heptane Reforming,”J. Catal.,161, 263 (1996).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Raman, V., “The Hydrogen Fuel Option for Fuel Cell Vehicle Fleets,” Soc. Automotive Engineers, 1999-01-0529, 1 (1999).Google Scholar
  16. Smith, W.R. and Missen, R.W., “Chemical Reaction Equilibrium Analysis: Theory and Algorithm,” Krieger publication company, USA (1991).Google Scholar
  17. Sun, Y.K. and Lee, W. Y., “Catalytic Behavior of Yba2Cu3O7-x in the Partial Oxidation of Methanol to Formaldehyde,”Korean J. Chem. Eng.,12, 36 (1995).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Korean Institute of Chemical Engineering 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dong Ju Moon
    • 1
  • Jong Woo Ryu
    • 1
  • Sang Deuk Lee
    • 1
  • Byoung Sung Ahn
    • 1
  1. 1.Korea Institute of Science and TechnologyCFC Alternatives Research CenterSeoulKorea

Personalised recommendations