Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering

, Volume 14, Issue 5, pp 354–358 | Cite as

A unified theory on solid-liquid separation: Filtration, expression, sedimentation, filtration by centrifugal force, and cross flow filtration

  • Sung-Sam Yim
  • Young-Du Kwon


Based upon a new conception that the solid compressive pressure on a cake surface is not null, almost of all solid-liquid separation operations have been re-examined. For cake filtration, the phenomenon caused by the solid compressive pressure on a cake surface is discussed for thin cake. New expression and hindered sed-imentation theories are developed by above new conception using Darcy’s equation. Application of the new conception to centrifugal filtration and tangential filtration is also discussed. Above results lead to the conclusion that cake filtration, expression, hindered sedimentation, centrifugal filtration and tangential filtration can be described with a unified theory, and the main difference between the operations is only the boundary condition of cake.

Key words

Solid-liquid Separation Cake Cake Filtration Average Specific Resistance Solid Compressive Pressure Expression Hindered Sedimentation Centrifugal Filtration Tangential Filtration 


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Copyright information

© Korean Institute of Chemical Engineering 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sung-Sam Yim
    • 1
  • Young-Du Kwon
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Dept. of Environmental EngineeringInha UniversityInchonKorea
  2. 2.Dept. of Environmental TechnologyTong Hae Junior CollegeKangwonKorea

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