Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering

, Volume 23, Issue 1, pp 38–42 | Cite as

Characteristics of adsorption and biodegradation of dissolved organic carbon in biological activated carbon pilot plant



The dissolved organic carbon (DOC) properties for the influent of the BAC pilot plant have shown a 42% biodegradable fraction and a 58% non-biodegradable fraction. The biodegradable dissolved organic carbon (BDOC) was degraded entirely by biodegradation; the removal efficiency was 65–83%. The BDOC removal efficiency at empty bed contact time (EBCT) 15 minutes was larger than at EBCT 8 minutes. At increasing EBCT, a more slowly biodegradable fraction of BDOC (H2) was utilized. The non-biodegradable dissolved organic carbon (NBDOC) was removed mostly by adsorption, and the removal amount was 24–58%. Therefore, the DOC was removed by adsorption and biodegradation; the removal efficiency by biodegradation was 31%, and that by adsorption was 24%. The breakthrough behaviors of DOC and NBDOC continued to be saturated as the bed volume increased, whereas the BDOC breakthrough curves maintained a certain ratio according to the bed volume.

Key words

Biological Activated Carbon Adsorption Biodegradation Dissolved Organic Carbon Biodegradable Dissolved Organic Carbon 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Dore, M., Legube, B. and Langlais, B., “Mechanism of the reaction of ozone with soluble aromatic pollutants,”Ozone Sci. Eng.,2, 39 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Frick, B., Bartz, R., Sontheimer, H. and Digiano, F. A.,Predicting Competitive adsorption effects in granular activated carbon filters, in activated carbon adsorption of organics from the aqueous phase, Vol. 1, I. H. Suffet and M. J. McGuire (Eds). Ann Arbor Science, Ann Arbor, Mich. (1980).Google Scholar
  3. Gilbert, E., “Investigations on the changes of biological degradability of single substances induced by ozonation,”Ozone Sci. Eng.,5, 137 (1983b).Google Scholar
  4. Hubele, C.,Adsorption und biologischer abbau von huminstoffen in aktivkohlefiltern, Diss. Univ. Karlsruhe (1985).Google Scholar
  5. Huck, P. M., Fedorak, P. M. and Anderson, W. B.,Effect of water treatment processes on concentrations of assimilable organic carbon, Proc. 12th Intl. Symp. On Wastewater Treatment; 1st Canadian Workshop on Drinking Water, Montreal (1989).Google Scholar
  6. Janssens, J. G., Meheus, J. and Dirickx, J., “Ozone enhanced biological activated carbon filtration and its effect on organic matter removal and particulate on AOC reduction,”Water Science and Technology,17, 1055 (1985).Google Scholar
  7. Joret, J. C. and Levi, Y.,Method rapide d’evaluation du carbone eliminable des eaux par voie biologique, Trib. Cebedeau (1986).Google Scholar
  8. Kim, D. Y., Lee, S. B. and Rhim, J. A., “A study on the concentrations of biodegradable dissolved organic carbon in the nakdong river water sample and its ozonated samples,”KSEE,15, 717 (1993).Google Scholar
  9. Kim, D. Y., Rhim, J. A., Yoon, J. H. and Lee, S. B., “Characteristics of micropollutants by ozonation and treatment of BDOC in the nakdong river,”Water Supply,14, 285 (1996).Google Scholar
  10. Kim, S. H., Ngo, H. H., Chaudhary, D. S., Kim, J. C., Vigneswaran, S. and Moon, H., “Characterization procedure for adsorption of DOC (dissolved organic carbon) from synthetic wastewater,”Korean J. Chem. Eng.,19, 888 (2002).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Lee, J. E., Choi, W. S. and Lee, J. K., “A study of the bubble properties in the column flotation system,”Korean J. Chem. Eng.,20, 943 (2003).Google Scholar
  12. Lee, J. E. and Lee, J. K., “Effect of microbubbles and particle size on the particle collection in the column flotation,”Korean J. Chem. Eng.,19, 703(2002).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Moon, H., Kwon, H. J. and Park, H. C., “A new characterization procedure for aqueous solution with unknown composition,”Korean J. Chem. Eng.,7, 53 (1990).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Rhim, J. A., “Decomposition characteristics and overall decomposition rate constant of dissolved ozone,”Env. Eng. Res.,25, 1394 (2003).Google Scholar
  15. Rhim, J. A., “Equilibrium concentration and overall Henry’s law constant of the dissolved ozone,”Env. Eng. Res.,9, 49 (2004).Google Scholar
  16. Rhim, J. A. and Yoon, J. H., “Mass transfer characteristics and overall mass transfer coefficient in the ozone contactor,”Korean J. Chem. Eng.,22, 201 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Rhim, J. A., Yoon, J. H. and Kim, D. Y., “A study on the DOC breakthrough characteristics in biological activated carbon process and DOC adsorption isotherms for regenerated carbon,”KSEE,19, 1455 (1997).Google Scholar
  18. Rhim, J. A., Yoon, J. H., Kim, S. H. and Kim, D. Y., “Sensitivity analysis and applications of plug flow stationary solid phase column model with adsorption and biodegradation in GAC columns,”KSEE,21, 27(1999).Google Scholar
  19. Roberts, P. V. and Summers, R. S., “Performance of granular activated carbon for total organic carbon removal,”AWWA,74, 113 (1984).Google Scholar
  20. Roberts, P. V., Summers, R. S. and Regil, S.,Adsorption techniques in drinking water treatment, EPA-570/9-84-005, U. S. EPA, ODW, Washington, D.C. (1984).Google Scholar
  21. Servais, P., Billen, G. and Hascoet, M. C., “Determining of the biodegradable fraction of dissolved organic matter in water,”Wat. Res.,21, 445(1987).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Servais, P. and Billen, G., Unpublished data (1989).Google Scholar
  23. Somiya, I., Yamada, H., Nozawa, E. and Mohri, M., “Biodegradability and GAC adsorbability of micropollutants by preozonation,”Ozone Sci. Eng.,8, 11(1986).Google Scholar
  24. Sontheimer, H., “Anwendung von verfahrenskombination zur erzielung einer optimalen trinkwasserqualitat,”DVGW Schriftenreihe Wasser,15, 229(1978).Google Scholar
  25. Van Der Kooij, D., Visser, A. and Hijnen, W. A. M., “Determining the concentration of easily assimilable organic carbon in drinking water,”AWWA,74, 540 (1982).Google Scholar
  26. Warner, P. and Hambsch, B., “Investigations on the growth of bacterial in drinking water,”Water Supply,4, 227 (1986).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Korean Institute of Chemical Engineering 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Environmental ScienceCatholic University of PusanBusanKorea

Personalised recommendations