Mass transfer studies on ternary systems in a bench-scale liquid-liquid extraction (LLX) column and a comparison with simulations
- 189 Downloads
Mass transfer studies in a laboratory scale extraction column have been conducted for Toluene-Acetone-Water and MIBK-Acetic Acid-Water systems. From these experiments stage-wise solute (Acetone or Acetic-Acid) composition profiles have been obtained for both dispersed and continuous phase. These composition profiles have been compared with those obtained from ASPENPLUS, CHEMSEP and LLXSIM simulators. For liquid-liquid equilibrium calculations all these simulators use UNIFAC and UNIQUAC model. The binary interaction parameters for the UNIFAC are inbuilt in ASPENPLUS and CHEMSEP. UNIQUAC binary parameters were borrowed from DECHEMA. Error square analysis indicates that simulations based onnon-equilibrium option of LLXSIM matchclosely with experimental results. Temperature profiles and hydrodynamic features characterized by number of drops and static holdup on the stages have been compared between the LLXSIM simulated and the experimental results and these match well. However simulations on ASPENPLUS give sum of relative error-squares for all the experimental runs at leastten times higher, in spite of tuning the average stage efficiency.
Key wordsLiquid-liquid Extraction Non-isothermal Non-equilibrium UNIFAC/UNIQUAC Ternary Systems
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- AspenPlus Ver 10.0 developed by Aspen Technology, Inc. Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA.Google Scholar
- ChemSep Ver 3.71, CACHE Student Edition, developed by Kooijman, H., Haket, A., Taylor, R. (1988).Google Scholar
- Debjit, S. and Khanna, A., “Rate-Based and Non-Isothermal Aromatic Extraction Column Model,” Proc. PETCON 2000, IIT Kharagpur, India, Jul. 1–2, 149.Google Scholar
- Macedo, E.A. and Rasmussen, P., “Liquid-liquid Equilibrium Data Collection,” Supplement 1, Chemistry Data Series, Volume V, Part 4, DECHEMA,270, 495 (1987).Google Scholar
- Wesselingh, J.A. and Krishana, R., “Mass Transfer,” Ellishorwood, Chichester, England (1990).Google Scholar
- Zimmermann, A., Joulia, X., Gourdon, G. and Gorak, A., “Maxwell-Stefan Approach in Extraction Design,”The Chem. Engg. J.,57, 229 (1995).Google Scholar