, Volume 29, Issue 5, pp 477–497 | Cite as

A stochastic dynamic programming model for stream water quality management

  • P. P. Mujumdar
  • Pavan Saxena


This paper deals with development of a seasonal fraction-removal policy model for waste load allocation in streams addressing uncertainties due to randomness and fuzziness. A stochastic dynamic programming (SDP) model is developed to arrive at the steady-state seasonal fraction-removal policy. A fuzzy decision model (FDM) developed by us in an earlier study is used to compute the system performance measure required in the SDP model. The state of the system in a season is defined by streamflows at the headwaters during the season and the initial DO deficit at some pre-specified checkpoints. The random variation of streamflows is included in the SDP model through seasonal transitional probabilities. The decision vector consists of seasonal fraction-removal levels for the effluent dischargers. Uncertainty due to imprecision (fuzziness) associated with water quality goals is addressed using the concept of fuzzy decision. Responses of pollution control agencies to the resulting end-of-season DO deficit vector and that of dischargers to the fraction-removal levels are treated as fuzzy, and modelled with appropriate membership functions. Application of the model is illustrated with a case study of the Tungabhadra river in India.


Fuzzy decision stochastic optimization water quality streamflow 


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Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. P. Mujumdar
    • 1
  • Pavan Saxena
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringIndian Institute of ScienceBangaloreIndia

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