Within- and among-population variation in oviposition preference for urea-supplemented food inDrosophila melanogaster
Oviposition preference for ureasupplemented food was assayed by simultaneous choice trials on five pairs of closely related laboratory populations of Drosophila melanogaster.Each pair of populations had been derived from a separate ancestral population about 85 generations prior to this study. One population in each pair had been subjected to selection for larval tolerance to the toxic effects of urea; the other population served as a control. Considerable variation in oviposition preference was seen both within and among populations, with four of the ten populations showing a significant mean preference for ureasupplemented food. The degree of specificity shown by individual females was surprisingly high, leading to a bimodal distribution of oviposition preference in some populations. Overall, selection for larval tolerance to urea did not significantly affect oviposition preference. However, the data indicated that pairwise comparisons between randomly selected populations from the two larval selection regimes would lead to a range of possible outcomes, suggesting, in several cases, that selection for larval urea tolerance had led to significant differentiation of adult oviposition preference for urea in one or the other direction. The results, therefore, highlight the importance of population level replication and caution against the practice, common in ecological studies, of assaying oviposition preference in two populations that utilize different hosts in nature, and then drawing broad evolutionary inferences from the results.
KeywordsEgglaying behaviour oviposition preference specificity urea population differenttiation host specialization Drosophila melanogaster
Barker J S F 1992 Genetic variation in cactophilicDrosophila
for oviposition on natural yeast substrates;Evolution
Baur R, Feeny P and Stadler E1993 Oviposition stimulants for the black swallowtail butterfly: identification of electrophysiologically active compounds in carrot volatiles;J. Chem. Ecol.
Brodie E D III and Brodie E D Jr 1991 Evolutionary response of predators to dangerous prey: reduction of toxicity of newts and resistance of garter snakes in island populations;Evolution
Burdon J J and Thompson J N 1995 Changed patterns of resistance in a populationof Linum marginale
attacked by the rust pathogenMelampsora link, J. Ecol
Courtney S P 1981 Coevolution of Pierid butterflies and their cruciferous food plants;Oecologia
Courtney S P and Kibota T T 1990 Mother doesn’t know best: selection of hosts by ovipositing insects; inInsect-plant interactions
(ed.) E A Bernays (Boca Raton: CRC Press) vol II, pp 161–188Google Scholar
Craig T P, Itami J K, Abrahamson W G and Horner J D 1993 Behavioral evidence for host-race formation inEurosta solidaginis
Feeny P 1991 Chemical constraints on the evolution of swallowtail butterflies; inPlant-animal interactions: evolutionary ecology in tropical and temperate regions
(eds) P W Price, T M Lewinsohn, G W Fernandes and W W Benson (New York: Wiley) pp 315–340Google Scholar
Fox G W 1993 A quantitative genetic analysis of oviposition preference and larval performance on two hosts in the Bruchid beetle,Callosobruchus maculatus
Fox C/W, Waddell K J and Mousseau T A1994 Host-associated fitness variation in a seed beetle (Coleoptera: Bruchidae): evidence for local adaptation to a poor quality host;Oecologia
Fox L R and Eisenbach J 1992 Contrary choices: possible exploitation of enemy-free space by herbivorous insects in cultivatedvs.
Freeman M F and Tukey J W 1950 Transformations related to the angular and the square root;Ann. Math. Stat.
Futuyma D J and Peterson S C1985 Genetic variation in the use of resources by insects;Annu. Rev. Entomol.
Futuyma D J 1991 Evolution of host specificity in herbivorous insects; inPlant-animal interactions: evolutionary ecology in tropical and temperate regions
(eds.) P W Price, T M Lewinsohn, G W Fernandes and W W Benson (New York: Wiley) pp 431–454Google Scholar
Gould F 1988 Genetics of pairwise and multispecies plant-herbivore coevolution; inChemical mediation of coevolution
(ed.) K C Spencer (San Diego: Academic Press) pp 13–55Google Scholar
Hamilton J G and Zalucki M P 1993 Interactions between a specialist herbivore,Crocidosema plebejana
, and its host plantsMalva parviflora
and cotton,Gossypium hirsutum
: oviposition preference;Entomol Exp. Appl
Hanks L M, Paine T D and Millar J G 1993 Host species preference and larval performance in the wood-boring beetlePhoracantha semipunctata
Higa I and Fuyama Y 1993 Genetics of food preference inDrosophila sechellia
Honda. K 1986 Flavanone glycosides as oviposition stimulants in a papilionid butterfly,Papilio protenor
;J. Chem. Ecol.
Huang X and Renwick J A A 1993 Differential selection of host plants by twoPieris
species: the role of oviposition stimulants and deterrents;Entomol. Exp. Appl.
Jaenike J 1982 Environmental modification of oyiposition behaviour inDrosophila
Jaenike J 1987 Genetics of oviposition-site preference inDrosophila tripunctata
Jaenike J 1989 Genetic population structureof Drosophila tripunctata
: patterns of variation and covariation of traits affecting resource use;Evolution
Jaenike J 1990 Host specialization in phytophagous insects;Annu. Rev. Ecol. syst.
Janz N, Nylin S and Wedell N 1994 Host plant utilization in the comma butterfly: sources of variation and evolutionary implications;Oecologia
Jarosz A M and Burdon J J 1991 Host-pathogen interactions in natural populations ofLinum marginale
II. Local and regional variation in patterns of resistance and racial structure;Evolution
Joshi A and Thompson J N 1995a Alternative routes to the evolution of competitive ability in two competing species ofDrosophila
Joshi A and Thompson J N 1995b Trade-offs and the evolution of host specialization;Evol. Ecol.
Joshi A and Thompson J N 1996 Evolution of broad and specific competitive ability in novel versus familiar environments inDrosophila
Joshi A, Knight C D and Mueller L D 1996 Genetics of larval urea tolerance inDrosophila melanogaster
Krebs R A, Barker J S F and Armstrong T P 1992 Coexistence of ecologically similar colonising species III.Drosophila aldrichi
: larval performance on, and adult preference for, threeOpuntia
Leddy P M, Paine T D and Bellows T S Jr 1993 Oppositional preferences ofSiphoninus phillyreae
and its fitness on seven host plant species;Entomol. Exp. Appl.
Lederhouse R C, Ayres M P, Nitao J K and Scriber J M 1992 Differential use of lauraceous hosts by swallowtail butterflies,Papilio troilus
Lu W H and Logan P 1994 Genetic variation in oviposition between and within populations ofLeptinotarsa decemlineata
(Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae);Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am.
McCauley DE 1991 The effect of host plant patch size variation on the population structure of a specialist herbivore insect,Tetraopes tetraopthalmus
Moreteau B, R’Kha S and David J R 1994 Genetics of a nonoptimal behaviour: oviposition preference ofDrosophila mauritiana
for a toxic resource;Behav. Genet.
Mueller L D 1995 Adaptation and density-dependent natural selection; inGenetics of natural populations: the continuing importance of Theodosius Dobzhansky
) L Levine (New York: Columbia University Press) pp 101–124Google Scholar
Ng D 1988 A novel level of interactions in plant insect systems;Nature (London)
Nishida R, Ohsugi T, Kokubo S and Fukami H 1987 Oviposition stimulants of a Citrus-feeding swallowtail butterfly,Papilio xuthus
Nylin S 1988 Host plant specialisation and seasonality in a polyphagous butterfly,Polygonia c-album
Nylin S and Janz N 1993 Oviposition preference and larval performance inPolygonia c-album
(Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae): the choice between bad and worse;Ecol. Entomol.
Penz C M and Araujo A M 1991 Interaction betweenPapilio hectorides
(Papilionidae) and four host plants (Piperaceae, Rutaceae) in a southern Brazilian population;J. Res. Lepidoptera.
Rank N E 1992 Host plant preference based on salicylate chemistry in a willow leaf beetle(Chrysomela aeneicollis)
Renwick J A A and Chew F S 1994 Oviposition behaviour in Lepidoptera;Annu. Rev. Entomol
Roininen H and Tahvanainen J 1989 Host selection and larval performance of two willow-feeding sawflies;Ecology
Roininen H, Vuorinen J, Tahvanainen J and Julkunen-Tiitto R 1993 Host preference and allozyme differentiation in shoot galling sawfly,Euura atra
Rose M R 1984 Laboratory evolution of postponed senescence inDrosophila melanogaster
Rose M R and Service P M 1985 Evolution of aging;Rev. Biol. Res. Aging
Singer M C 1982 Quantification of host specificity by manipulation of oviposition behaviour in the butterflyEuphydryas editha
Singer M C 1983 Determinants of multiple host use by a phytophagous insect population;Evolution
Singer M C 1986 The definition and measurement of oviposition preference; inPlant-insect interactions
(eds) J Miller and T A Miller (New York: Springer Verlag) pp 65–94Google Scholar
Singer M C, Ng D and Thomas C D 1988 Heritability of oviposition preference and its relationship to offspring performance within a single insect population;Evolution
Singer M C, Thomas C D, Billington H L and Parmesan C 1989 Variation among conspecific insect populations in the mechanistic basis of diet breadth;Anim. Behav.
Singer M C, Ng D and Moore R A 1991 Genetic variation in oviposition preference between butterfly populations;J. Insect. Behav.
Singer M C, Ng D, Vasco D and Thomas C D 1992 Rapidly evolving associations among oviposition preferences fail to constrain evolution of insect diet;Am. Nat.
Sokal R R and Rohlf F J 1981Biometry
2nd edition (New York: Freeman)Google Scholar
Szentesi A and Jermy T 1990 The role of experience in host plant choice by phytophagous insects; inInsect-plant interactions
) E A Bernays (Boca Raton: CRC Press) vol II, pp 39–74Google Scholar
Tabashnik B E 1983 Host range evolution: the shift from native legume hosts to alfalfa by the butterflyColias philodice eryphile
Tabashnik B E, Wheelock H, Rainbolt J D and Watt W B 1981 Individual variation in oviposition preference in the butterfly,Colias eurytheme
Thomas C D, Ng D, Singer M C, Mallet J L B, Parmesan C and Billington H L 1987 Incorporation of a European weed into the diet of a North American herbivore;Evolution
Thompson J N 1988a Evolutionary ecology of the relationship between oviposition preference and performance of offspring in phytophagous insects;Entomol. Exp. Appl.
Thompson J N 1988b Variation in preference and specificity in monophagous and oligophagous swallowtail butterflies;Evolution
Thompson J N 1988c Evolutionary genetics of oviposition preference in swallowtail butterflies;Evolution
Thompson J N 1990 Coevolution and the evolutionary genetics of interactions among plants and insects and pathogens; inPests, pathogens, and plant communities
(eds) J J Burdon and S R Leather (Oxford: Blackwell Scientific) pp 249–271Google Scholar
Thompson J N 1993 Preference hierarchies and the origin of geographic specialization in host use in swallowtail butterflies;Evolution
Thompson J N 1994a The geographic mosaic of evolving interactions; inIndividuals, populations and patterns in ecology
(eds) S R Leather, A D Watt, N J Mills and K F A Walters (Andover: Intercept Press) pp 419–432Google Scholar
Thompson J N 1994bThe revolutionary process
(Chicago: The University of Chicago Press)Google Scholar
Thompson J N and Pellmyr O 1991 Evolution of oviposition behaviour and host preference in Lepidoptera;Annu, Rev. Entomol.
Thompson J N, Wehling W F and Podolsky R 1990 Evolutionary genetics of host use in swallowtail butterflies;Nature (London)
Travisano M, Mongold J A, Bennett A F and Lenski R E 1995 Experimental tests of the roles of adaptation, chance and history in evolution;Science
Valladares G and Lawton J H 1991 Host-plant selection in the holly leaf-miner: does mother know best?;J. Anim. Ecol.
Via S 1986 Genetic covariance between oviposition preference and larval performance in an insect herbivore;Evolution
Via S 1990 Ecological genetics and host adaptation in herbivorous insects: the experimental study of evolution in natural and agricultural systems;Annu. Rev. Entomol.
Wasserman S S 1986 Genetic variation in adaptation to food plants among populations of the southern cowpea weevil,Callosobruchus maculatus
: evolution of oviposition preference;Entomol. Exp. Appl.
Wasserman S S and Futuyma D J 1981 Evolution of host plant utilization in laboratory populations of the southern cowpea weevil,Callosobruchus maculatus
F. (Coleoptera: Bruchidae);Evolution
Wiklund C 1975 The evolutionary relationship between adult oviposition preferences and larval host plant range inPapilio machaon
Wiklund C 1981 Generalist vs. specialist oviposition behaviour inPapilio machaon
(Lepidoptera) and functional, aspects on the hierarchy of oviposition preferences;Oikos
Williams K S 1983 The coevolution ofEuphydryas chacedona
and their larval host plants. III. Oviposition behaviour and host plant quality;Oecologia
© Indian Academy of Sciences 1997