Quantitative internuclear distancesvia two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance spectra: A test case and a DNA octamer duplex
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Two-dimensional proton nuclear magnetic resonance nuclear Overhauser effect experiments have been performed at a series of mixing times on proflavine and on a DNA octamer duplex [d-(GGAATTCC)]2 in solution. Using the complete matrix approach recently explored theoretically (Keepers and James, 1984), proton-proton internuclear distances were determined quantitatively for proflavine from the two-dimensional nuclear Overhauser effect results. Since proflavine is a rigid molecule with X-ray crystal structure determined, interproton distances obtained from the two-dimensional nuclear Overhauser effect experiments in solution can be compared with those for the crystalline compound agreement is better than 10 %. Experimental two-dimensional nuclear Overhauser effect spectral data for [d-(GGAATTCC)]2 were analyzed by comparison with theoretical two-dimensional nuclear Overhauser effect spectra at each mixing time calculated using the complete 70 × 70 relaxation matrix. The theoretical spectra were calculated using two structures: a standard B-form DNA structure and an energy-minimized structure based on similarity of the octamer's six internal residues with those of [d-(CGCGAATTCGCG)]2, for which the crystal structure has been determined. Neither the standard B-DNA nor the energy-minimized structure yield theoretical two-dimensional nuclear Overhauser effect spectra which accurately reproduce all experimental peak intensities. But many aspects of the experimental spectra can be represented by both the B-DNA and the energy-minimized structure. In general, the energy-minimized structure yields theoretical two-dimensional nuclear Overhauser effect spectra which mimic many, if not all, features of the experimental, spectra including structural characteristics at the purine-pyrimidine junction.
KeywordsTwo-dimensional nuclear Overhauser effect nuclear magnetic resonance DNA nucleotides internuclear distances
- 2D NOE
Two-dimensional nuclear Overhauser effect
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