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Journal of Biosciences

, Volume 5, Issue 1, pp 71–77 | Cite as

Correlation between inhibition of photosynthesis and growth ofChlorella treated with methyl parathion

  • G. Saroja
  • Salil Bose
Article

Abstract

When methyl parathion (O,O-dimethyl O-p-nitrophenyl phosphorothioate), an organophosphorous insecticide, was added to an exponentially growing culture ofChlorella protothecoides and the effects were followed for 12 days, the following observations were made: a) In autotrophic culture the cell number and the chlorophyll content decreased as compared to the control. These changes paralleled the inhibition of the rate of net photosynthesis, suggesting that the photosynthetic apparatus was the primary target of the insecticide action. b) The inhibition of cell growth (on cell number basis) also occurred in the case of heterotrophic culture at 100μM insecticide concentration but the inhibition was less as compared to that of an autotrophic culture. c) The cell diameter in treated culture increased by 10–20% in both autotrophic and heterotrophic cultures. The observations, (b) and (c) suggest that apart from the photosynthetic apparatus, the insecticide has other sites of action, but the sensitivity of these sites to the insecticide is less than that of the photosynthetic apparatus

Keywords

Chlorella protothecoides methyl parathion photosynthesis autotrophic heterotrophic 

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References

  1. Anbudurai, P. R., Mannar-Mannan, R. and Bose, S. (1981)J. Biosci.,3, 23.Google Scholar
  2. Holden, M. A. (1967) inChemistry and Bio-chemistry of Plant Pigments, ed. T. W. Goodwin (London: Academic Press) p. 488.Google Scholar
  3. MacKinney, G. (1941)J. Biol. Chem.,140, 315.Google Scholar
  4. Saroja, G. and Bose, S. (1982)Environmental Pollution (Series A),27, 297.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Senger, H. and Oh-Hama, T. (1976)Plant Physiol.,17, 551.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Saroja
    • 1
  • Salil Bose
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plant Sciences, School of Biological SciencesMadurai Kamaraj UniversityMadurai

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